Artists Reconstruction of the La Ferrassis Cranium
A good reconstruction, I think
Neanderthal Red Heads?
Pigmentation gene from Neanderthal DNA
o El Sidron, Spai, 43,000 ya
o Monti Lessini, Italy, 50,000 ya
MC1R affects production of red-and-yellow pigment pheomelanin
and black-and-brown pigment eumelanin
Current View of the Neandertals – The Things We Think We Know:
1. Neandertals evolved in Europe from H. Heidelbergensis
2. Neandertals are essentially a cold-adapted species 3. Neandertals seem to disappear just after 30,000 years ago
i. Their disappearance generally coincides with onset
of the last glacial maximum (25 kya)
ii. Arrival of modern humans?
We appear in Europe around 35-40 kya