BIOL 1116 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Glycosidic Bond, Direct Product, Covalent Bond

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23 Jul 2016
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Biological Molecules (Part I)
Four Classes of Biological Molecules:
1. Carbohydrates
- Monosaccharide
- Storage, structure, metabolism, signaling
2. Lipids
- Triglyceride
- Energy and insulation
3. Proteins
- Amino acid (20) needed for proteins
- Structure, signaling, defense and transport
4. Nucleic acid
- Nucleotide
- Information
- Ex: DNA and RNA
=> Long term information storage molecule and transport
into RNA.
Carbohydrates
* Direct product of photosynthesis.
* Range from small sugar to large polysaccharides (long polymers
of monomers).
* Most abundant molecule.
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