September 25, 2012
Literacy, John Mill
Ong and McLuhan approached the notion of historical development by examining the forms
of communication technology that were dominant in each historical era.
Ong’s main interest was in the way that oral societies and literate societies differ, and his
specific emphasis was to study how the change from orality to literacy had significant
social, cultural, and educational implications.
Example: Teacher talking and student listens –Paying attention
Exosomatic memory: taking ideas and putting outside of body, storing it somewhere else.
Testimony in courts must be given orally
Orality is important in public debates, especially in political forums
Graduate students must complete an oral examination
Marriage ceremonies have an important verbal, ritual component September 25, 2012
We can say that although the significance of contemporary occasions of orality may
sometimes be ceremonial, they are not in any sense unimportant or merely incidental.
Still value what people say although we live in an oral culture
Speaking encourages p