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Class Notes for CRIM 1125 at Langara College (page 3)

Introduction to Criminology

CRIM 1125 Lecture Notes - Social Control Theory

The Cure for Crime G and H The Cause of Crime:  Crime is caused by low self control  Low self-control is caused by ineffective or incomplete socialization and ineffective child-rearing The Cur...

Criminology
CRIM 1125
K.Chin
CRIM 1125 Lecture Notes - General Social Survey

The Crime Funnel  describes attrition rate as reported crimes make their way through the criminal justice system  for most crimes know to the police, nobody gets arrested  arrest usually does n...

Criminology
CRIM 1125
K.Chin
The Concept of Deterrence.docx

The Concept of Deterrence  According to Classical School, free-willed individuals made conscious, rational choices to engage in criminal behaviour  Classical School said such individuals could be d...

Criminology
CRIM 1125
K.Chin
The Aftermath of Crime.docx

The Aftermath of Crime A Brief Refresher  Precursors: circumstances that lead up to the criminal event  Transactions: what, where, when, and who was involved.  Aftermath: how do vict...

Criminology
CRIM 1125
K.Chin
Temporal Setting and Social Domains.docx

Temporal Setting and Social Domains The Temporal Setting  criminal events also occur at predictable times  Times of day, day of the week, month of the year and the season can all shape/influenc...

Criminology
CRIM 1125
K.Chin
CRIM 1125 Lecture Notes - Differential Association

Sub-cultural Theories Walter Miller's Lower Class Culture  Adolescent street gangs in lower class areas have own distinctive set of concerns and values The Six Major Concerns  Trouble (getting...

Criminology
CRIM 1125
K.Chin
Sources of Statistics.docx

Sources of Statistics  published vs. unpublished  government sources  reports  files  statistics

Criminology
CRIM 1125
K.Chin
CRIM 1125 Lecture Notes - Differential Association, Anomie

Social Structure and Anomie  Merton used term "anomie" to describe social strain that occurred in American society, when people were unable to attain the cultural goals of success and wealth, becau...

Criminology
CRIM 1125
K.Chin
CRIM 1125 Lecture Notes - Social Inequality

SOCIAL DISORGANIZATION HIGH INCOME HOUSEHOLDS o Sacco and Kennedy say that there is no clear-cut relationship between household income and the risk of household victimization o According to most recent GSS, h...

Criminology
CRIM 1125
K.Chin
Social Control.docx

Social Control, Rational Choice and Deterrence Underlying Assumptions  Nothing unique about criminal behaviour, and that motivation to engage in such behaviour is quite widespread  Ask why mor...

Criminology
CRIM 1125
K.Chin
CRIM 1125 Lecture Notes - Environmental Criminology

SEARCHING FOR TARGETS o According to Brantinghams’ environmental criminology, offenders are unlikely to explore distant, unknown areas in search of suitable targets o Offenders most likely to search for targets ...

Criminology
CRIM 1125
K.Chin
RISK FACTORS.docx

RISK FACTORS (PRECURSORS) o Females aged 12 to 18 o Having female peers o Prior victimization (previous sexual assaults) o Having a large number TRANSACTIONS o Likelihood of courtship violence or date r...

Criminology
CRIM 1125
K.Chin
Researching Criminal Events.docx

Researching Criminal Events Several Approaches  direct observation in natural settings  experimental observations  police reports  victimization surveys  offender reports and self...

Criminology
CRIM 1125
K.Chin
Reliability.docx

Reliability  UCR is most reliable, GSS is second, self-report surveys are third  UCR date reflects crimes that are deemed serious enough by police to be recorded Crime is Common  GSS a...

Criminology
CRIM 1125
K.Chin
Precursors.docx

Precursors  Elements leading up to the criminal event, such as the location and the time.  Did the participants know each other, and if not, how did they intersect in time and place? ...

Criminology
CRIM 1125
K.Chin

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