Crimes as social events
Crimes should be viewed as "social" events.
Involve people interacting with each other.
Referred to as events (or episodes) because they "have a beginning and an
The "Typical" offender
most offender are young males (more than 75% in some offence
lower socioeconomic status,
minority group (e.g. African American and aboriginal),
Unemployed/temporarily unemployed. 12-17 age group represented only 8% of population, while accounting for