SOCIAL DISORGANIZATION IN RURAL AREAS
Osgood & Chambers (2000) examined 264 US counties with
average population of 10,000 (none more than 98,000)
Like earlier Chicago School researchers, used Census data and
official arrest rates (for violent crimes).
Found that social disorganization variables of residential
instability (mobility), ethnic heterogeneity and family
disruption were strong predictors of crime in rural areas.