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Lecture

THE DEMOGRAPHIC SHIFT.docx

5 Pages
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Department
Criminology
Course Code
CRIM 2416
Professor
B.Cartwright

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Description
THE DEMOGRAPHIC SHIFT  Black population of “33 largest central cities increased by more than 5,000,000 between 1950 and 1980”, White “population declined by more than 9,000,000 during the same period.”  Chicago suffered 13% net loss of residential population between 1970 and 1980 (people leaving, abandoning neighbourhoods).  Led to isolation and concentration of extremely poor (economically disadvantaged) populations in previously industrialized inner-city neighbourhoods  people essentially trapped from this demographic shift RESEARCH RESULTS  While SES (socio-economic status) may not have much effect on crime rates, DEP (Severe economic deprivation) has strong effect on crime rates o DEP consists of unemployment rate, welfare rate and below poverty level income  Ethnic and cultural homogeneity and lack of residential mobility play large role (in contrast to Shaw & McKay,
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