Osteology and Arthrology
Provides a supporting framework for the body.
Provides attachment points for muscle, creating a lever system that enables body movement.
Provides protection of vital organs.
Blood cell production, red bone marrow produces red and white blood cells and platelets. The
Mineral storage Ca and P.
*Calcium carbonate, calcium phosphate, collagen fiber, and water.
Cells that are found mature bones surrounded by matrix.
The matrix is about 25% water, 25% protein and 50% mineral salt.
Bones are continually being remodeled in response to mechanical stress or absent of stress.
*The bone grows in length at the epiphyseal layer, which is a layer of cartilage. The proliferating
cells are gradually replaced by bones.
The bones of a physically active person are denser therefore more mineralized than an inactive
A study of bones. A the study of joint.
Long bones, short bones, flat bones, irregular bones.
an abnormal lateral curvature of the vertebral column.
hump back an exaggerated posterior thoracic curve.
sway back an exaggerated anterior lumbar curve.
Frontal plate divides the body into anterior and posterior portion