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Lecture

Consciouness and construction of self.docx

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Department
Philosophy
Course
PHIL 1100
Professor
U.Abaci
Semester
Fall

Description
Consciouness and construction of self The Self is Consciousness: Locke  Personal identity is made possible by self-consciousness.  Scientific perspective, clear thinking, rigorous analysis  Knowledge originates in our direct sense experience, which acts as final judgment  Empiricist/Empiricism; the view that sense experience is the primary source of all knowledge and that only a careful attention to sense experience can enable us to understand the world and achieve accurate conclusions  To discover personal identity, we have to find what it means to be a person  A person is someone who considers itself to be the same thing in different times and different places  Consciousness always accompanies thinking  Consciousness is what makes possible our belief that we are the same identity in different times and different places  When you think, you are conscious of yourself  A thinking, intelligent being that has the abilities to reason and reflect  Consciousness accompanies thinking and makes possible the concept of a self that remains the same at different times and places  View that others disagree with: when we sleep or are unconscious, we are not the same person  Conscious awareness and memory of previous experiences are key to understanding the self  If we are not aware, we can’t be sure if we were the same person  If you lose a hand, you don’t lose personal identity  Your cells are constantly replacing itself, you weren’t the same physical person 10 years ago  Self is not tied to any particular body or substance 3.6 There is No Self: Hume  There is no “self”, only a bundle of constantly changing perceptions passing through the theatre of our mind.  Empiricist tradition of John Locke, all genuine knowledge is our direct sense experience  Impressions: the basic sensations of our experience, the elemental data of our minds: pain, pleasure, heat, cold, happiness, grief, fear, exhilaration  Ideas: copies of impressions, as a result they are less lively and vivid. Ideas include thoughts, images built up from primary impressions through a variety of relationships  “I can never catch myself without a perception, and never can observe anything but the perception.”  Even when we actively look for the self, we can’t find it  All of our experiences are perceptions and none of these perceptions resemble a unified and permanent self-identity that exists over time  No reason to suppose that our self exists in any form  If our body dies and empirical senses cease, makes no sense to believe tha
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