Socrates’ Central Concern:
Psyche: “true self” or “soul”
Every soul seeks happiness, there is a clearly defined path to achieving
Truly happy: people who lead reflective, “examined” lives
Good, wise, courageous of they pursue virtue and wisdom
“Sleepwalking” individuals in life: motions of living, mindless pleasure “Physician of the soul”; people not inherently evil, simply unaware of how
they ought to live to achieve what they most desire – happiness and
The unexamined life is not worth living.
The truth lies within each of us.
o By living an examined life, we can discover the principles of right
thinking and action within us.
We should strive for excellence in all areas of life.
No one knowingly does evil.
o Arete: virtue and excellence
o Episteme: knowledge
o Sophia: wisdom “It is better to suffer wickedness than to commit it.”
o Virtuous person should have no fear of death
The Trial and Death of Socrates
Trial for his life due to “corruption of youth” and “does not believe in the
Unpopular amongst politicians: dictatorship, rebellion initiated by two of
Targeted by father