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Socrates.docx

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Department
Philosophy
Course
PHIL 1100
Professor
U.Abaci
Semester
Fall

Description
Socrates Socrates’ Central Concern:  Psyche: “true self” or “soul”  Every soul seeks happiness, there is a clearly defined path to achieving happiness  Truly happy: people who lead reflective, “examined” lives  Good, wise, courageous of they pursue virtue and wisdom  “Sleepwalking” individuals in life: motions of living, mindless pleasure  “Physician of the soul”; people not inherently evil, simply unaware of how they ought to live to achieve what they most desire – happiness and fulfillment  The unexamined life is not worth living.  The truth lies within each of us. o By living an examined life, we can discover the principles of right thinking and action within us.  We should strive for excellence in all areas of life.  No one knowingly does evil. o Arete: virtue and excellence o Episteme: knowledge o Sophia: wisdom  “It is better to suffer wickedness than to commit it.” o Virtuous person should have no fear of death The Trial and Death of Socrates  Trial for his life due to “corruption of youth” and “does not believe in the gods”  Unpopular amongst politicians: dictatorship, rebellion initiated by two of Socrates’ students  Targeted by father
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