Ideologies- Women as Political Power
(Friedan’s last big theme)
Heidi Hartman and (marxist) Socialist Feminism (“The Unhappy Marriage
of Marxism and Feminism,” 1981)
Trying to join Marxism and Feminism together
Drawing on the tradition of Marxism because she thinks
Marxist analysis is useful for Feminism
Problems women face in capitalist societies
Not saying that oppression to women is exclusive in
capitalist societies; but inequalities take specific forms in
capitalist society Marxism and the Woman Question
· Marxists have often analyzed the status of women (the “Woman
Question”), but have often focused on class oppression and not
sexism per se (e.g., “Communist Manifesto”).
· HH: “the categories of marxism are sex-blind” (527).
The Woman Question: traditional Marxist analysis is
limited in this respect. (Marxist questions the family
unit). HH says that one limitation is that Marxist
categories are sex-blind.
She says that we need to explore how men and
women relate differently/differently situated/have
different access to different class positions (eg.
Career tracks, etc.) What happens if we look at class
and think about it in gender terms?
Marxism explains class divisions in capitalism but
doesn’t explain how different racial-ize