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truth power democracy.docx

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Langara College
Political Science
POLI 1100

Focault, Gaventa, Dalh’s views on … truth , power , democracy Foucault’s view of the relationship between truth and power. (In part, this is his idea that “truth isn’t outside power. … Truth is a thing of this world” (p. 379).)  “Five Important Traits” that character the “political economy of truth” o truth is centered on the form of scientific discourse and the institutions which produce it o it is subject to constant economic and political incitement o it is the object, under diverse forms, of immense diffusion and consumption o it is produced and transmitted under the control, dominant if not exclusive, of a few great political and economic apparatuses (university, army, writing, media) o it is the issue of a whole political debate and social confrontation (ideological struggles) (b) Gaventa and Dahl on power and democracy. Hint: Dahl and Gaventa both suggest (implicitly or explicitly) that democratic politics can provide a means to achieving justice (i.e., just laws and policy outcomes in a society). (c) Debate between Socrates and Thrasymachus: a. Thrasymachus’s view that “justice is nothing other than the advantage of the stronger” (p. 14, 338c).  cities are ruled differently each one makes different laws to their own advantage  their rulers deem what is just for their subjects  people who go against this are unjust and lawless  they will decide and declare what justice is  not necessarily the meaning of justice but it does happen Foucault:  There is a politics of truth (or knowledge)  “Battle for truth”  “Possibility of constituting a new politics of truth”  What we understand to be true is often produced by unequal society  Powerful groups aren’t necessarily using their power to produce truths, rather they’re also believing in those truths themselves  QUOTE: Aristotle was probably the greatest person of Greek Antiquity  Foucault’s thoughts on quote: Aristotle wasn’t saying that to sustain his power- only said it because he completely believes it. What we take to be true, at any given moment, is deeply shaped by prevailing power dynamics of our society. b. Explain the main way that Socrates counters this claim.  Plato believed in classes some people are better suited for things than others  Thrasymachus believed injustice is more profitable than justice -> gain more by cheating others  Socates believed justice is not about profiting oneself but looking after the ones you rule  Socrates (Plato) + Simonides believed justice was to give everyone what is owed to them  Every person of certain levels deserves certain things  “each person will have a role in the society that works with his or her abilities “ - Socrates  Plato believes thefre is a difference between ruling and ruling well  “Some women were capable of ruling, so they should be considered as rulers. Some men and
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