PSYC 1115 Lecture Notes - Dissociative Identity Disorder, Disorganized Schizophrenia, Ski Suit

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Published on 19 Apr 2013
School
Langara College
Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 1115
Professor
Psych 100
March 18, 2013
Psychological Disorders
Where might DID come from? [dissociative identity disorder]
common assumption: response to post-traumatic event:
-coping with intense stressors such as child abuse
-cognitive deficits interfere with processing emotional info
-forget painful memories
alternative (2012): sociocognitive model:
-consequence of social learning, expectancies
-unintentional cues from therapists
-media and sociocultural expectations
-explains extremely unstable behaviours of borderlinePD (personality disorder)
-similar to model of hypnosis
What does research say about DID?
Very weak link to child abuse
ruled out changes in heart rate, handwriting
controllable changes to mood, thoughts, muscle tension
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memory; when tested, memories available to “everyone”
those more fantasy-prone more likely to develop this disorder
Triggered by suggestive therapist; if the therapist thinks they’ll see it, more likely
to occur
most no evidence pre-therapy
increase number of alters if encouraged, especially with hypnosis
more likely among therapists who use hypnosis
Possible role of media coverage leads to expectancies
Caution: little supporting scientific evidence, remains controversial
What is schizophrenia?
symptoms: disorganized thinking, disturbed perceptions, inappropriate
emotions and actions
disorganized thinking: delusions (persecution) *someone’s out to get me,
beliefs of being in deep love with an actor or actress], disorganized speech
disturbed perceptions: hallucinations that occur without a stimulus, eg.
Hearing voices that sound like they’re coming from outside your head. These
voices tend to be accusing the person, calling them names, or commanding them
to do things
inappropriate emotions and actions: laughing at a funeral, or avoiding
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Document Summary

Coping with intense stressors such as child abuse. Explains extremely unstable behaviours of borderlinepd (personality disorder) Those more fantasy-prone more likely to develop this disorder. Triggered by suggestive therapist; if the therapist thinks they"ll see it, more likely to occur. Increase number of alters if encouraged, especially with hypnosis. Possible role of media coverage leads to expectancies. Caution: little supporting scientific evidence, remains controversial. Symptoms: disorganized thinking, disturbed perceptions, inappropriate emotions and actions. Disorganized thinking: delusions (persecution) *someone"s out to get me, beliefs of being in deep love with an actor or actress], disorganized speech. Disturbed perceptions: hallucinations that occur without a stimulus, eg. hearing voices that sound like they"re coming from outside your head. These voices tend to be accusing the person, calling them names, or commanding them to do things. Inappropriate emotions and actions: laughing at a funeral, or avoiding conversations entirely, wearing a snowsuit in the middle of summer. Waxy flexibility *won"t move unless you move them]

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