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Psych 100-Psychological Disorders.docx

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PSYC 1115

Psych 100 March 18, 2013 Psychological Disorders  Where might DID come from? [dissociative identity disorder] common assumption: response to post-traumatic event: -coping with intense stressors such as child abuse -cognitive deficits interfere with processing emotional info -forget painful memories alternative (2012): sociocognitive model: -consequence of social learning, expectancies -unintentional cues from therapists -media and sociocultural expectations -explains extremely unstable behaviours of borderlinePD (personality disorder) -similar to model of hypnosis  What does research say about DID? Very weak link to child abuse ruled out changes in heart rate, handwriting controllable changes to mood, thoughts, muscle tension memory; when tested, memories available to “everyone” those more fantasy-prone more likely to develop this disorder  Triggered by suggestive therapist; if the therapist thinks they’ll see it, more likely to occur most no evidence pre-therapy increase number of alters if encouraged, especially with hypnosis more likely among therapists who use hypnosis  Possible role of media coverage leads to expectancies  Caution: little supporting scientific evidence, remains controversial  What is schizophrenia? symptoms: disorganized thinking, disturbed perceptions, inappropriate emotions and actions disorganized thinking: delusions (persecution) *someone’s out to get me, beliefs of being in deep love with an actor or actress], disorganized speech disturbed perceptions: hallucinations that occur without a stimulus, eg. Hearing voices that sound like they’re coming from outside your head. These voices tend to be accusing the person, calling them names, or commanding them to do things inappropriate emotions and actions: laughing at a funeral, or avoiding conversations entirely, wearing a snowsuit in the middle of summer. Disconnect from reality. No emotions of movement at all.  Three major subtypes of schizophrenia catatonic schizophrenia: -waxy flexibility *won’t move unless you move them] -echolalia [repeating everything that they hear] paran
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