PSYC 1115 Lecture Notes - Panic Disorder, Behaviour Therapy, Cognitive Therapy

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Published on 19 Apr 2013
Department
Course
Professor
Psych 100
March 25th 2013
ECT
How does ECT work?
induces generalized seizures
currently 3 theories; best human data supports endocrine theory [helps
hypothalamus with proper hormone release for regulating processes like sleep,
appetite, and sex drive]
risk of amnesia, few benefits for most people
TMS (trans cranial magnetic stimulation): some support as safer alternative
Cognitive therapy: the basics
Goal: teach people new, more adaptive ways of thinking and acting
Assumptions: thoughts are the key to healthy or unhealthy functioning. Irrational
beliefs can be replaced by rational, adaptive thoughts
In terms of Ellis’ Rational Emotive Behaviour Therapy, emotional and
behavioural consequences to activating events in our lives are influenced by our
beliefs (CAB)
Method: therapist questions client to help discover irrationalities. Client
prioritizes, sets goals for most important problems.
in terms of Ellis’ Rational Emotive Behaviour Therapy, teach people to actively
dispute irrational beliefs and adopt more effective and rational beliefs (DE)
examples of effective use in depression, anxiety/panic disorder, and bulimia
Relative to insight therapies, can be more effective
Relative to drug therapies such as antidepressants, CT effective in the short term
and has better relapse prevention
Cognitive therapy, ~50% people relapsed. Antidepressants, ~75% relapsed.
Placebo drug, ~90% relapsed
Theory accounting for brain changes after cognitive therapy vs. meds
Cognitive therapy can be powerful
Behavioural therapy: the basics
Goal: change specific maladaptive behaviour using principles of learning
Assumptions: overt symptoms are the problem. Behavior can change from basic
principles of learning
Methods: classical conditioning; systematic desensitization
*classical conditioning: develop positive response to harmless stimulus. Positive
response = relaxation. Pair positive relaxation response with trigger stimulus
repeatedly; then, exposure to trigger stimulus will respond with positive
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Document Summary

Currently 3 theories; best human data supports endocrine theory [helps hypothalamus with proper hormone release for regulating processes like sleep, appetite, and sex drive] Risk of amnesia, few benefits for most people. Tms (trans cranial magnetic stimulation): some support as safer alternative. Goal: teach people new, more adaptive ways of thinking and acting. Assumptions: thoughts are the key to healthy or unhealthy functioning. Irrational beliefs can be replaced by rational, adaptive thoughts. In terms of ellis" rational emotive behaviour therapy, emotional and behavioural consequences to activating events in our lives are influenced by our beliefs (cab) Method: therapist questions client to help discover irrationalities. Client prioritizes, sets goals for most important problems. In terms of ellis" rational emotive behaviour therapy, teach people to actively dispute irrational beliefs and adopt more effective and rational beliefs (de) examples of effective use in depression, anxiety/panic disorder, and bulimia. Relative to insight therapies, can be more effective.

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