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Lecture 1

ANTH-101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Primatology, Heredity, Microevolution

by

Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANTH-101
Professor
Leslie Dawson
Lecture
1

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Question 1
1 out of 1 points
______essentialism: is the philosophical belief in fixed ideas or forms that exist
perfect and unchanging in eternity.
Question 2
1 out of 1 points
_________genotype______________ refers to the molecular structure of genes
(i.e., genetic make up).
Question 3
1 out of 1 points
The observable, measureable, overt characteristics of an organism are referred
to as the _______phenotype__________________.
Question 4
1 out of 1 points
A ________Holistic_____________ approach is multifaceted considering history,
the physical environment, language, kinship as well as social and political
organization and tries to integrate all that is known about human beings and their
activities at the highest and most inclusive level.
Question 5
0 out of 1 points
In terms of primatology, ___Plantigrade locomotion____ refers to the use of palms
of the hand and foot, rather than the toes, for walking.
Question 6
1 out of 1 points
____Adaptation______ refers to the process where natural selection results in
more favorable genes becoming more frequent in a population over time.
Question 7
0 out of 1 points
An ____Evolutionary_____approach places observations about human nature,
human society or the human past in a temporal framework that takes into
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consideration change over time.
Question 8
1 out of 1 points
Long term evolutionary changes, such as the origins of new species and their
diversification across time & space, are referred to as ___Macroevolution____.
Question 9
1 out of 1 points
The study of heritable changes in gene expression caused by mechanisms other
than changes in the underlying DNA is the focus of the new field of
___Epigenetics____.
Question 10
1 out of 1 points
____Mendelian inheritance____ is the view that heredity is based on non-blending,
single particle genetic inheritance.
Question 11
1 out of 1 points
Characteristics inherited from earlier, non-primate, mammalian ancestors are
referred to as ____Ancestral_____ characteristics.
Question 12
1 out of 1 points
In terms of primatology, the presence of five digits on the hands and feet called
___Pentadactylism________.
Question 13
0 out of 1 points
In terms of human biological variation, _____continuous variation_____ sees the
expression of a trait grading imperceptibly from one individual to another; for
example skin color.
Question 14
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