English 103 – AS01
January 9, 2017
Important key term: dramatic monologue: a poem in the form of a speech or narrative by an
imagined person, in which the speaker inadvertently reveals aspects of their character while
describing a particular situation or series of events.
“My Last Duchess” Browning
make sure the dowry is large. (amount of money)
the statue at the end of the poem.
This is a satire. The author is mocking the speaker
(Satire: the use of humor, irony, exaggeration, or ridicule to expose and criticize people's
stupidity or vices, particularly in the context of contemporary politics and other topical issues.)
presenting a message for female equality, and against male abuse of power
She was too quick to be pleased. Too easily impressed
Who would stoop to blame it? Who would stoop to communicate about it? The duke would. It
would lower his status.
Lying when he says that he’s not skilled in speech
He had someone kill her
He’s asking for what he would like his next duchess to be like. (make sure the dowry is large, be
sure she doesn’t flirt too much)
Much irony saying the daughter’s self is his object. That’s the last thing he’s interested in. he’s
interested in a large dowry and that she knows how to behave.
The sculpture and they painting (the two works of art). The painting according to the duke says
you smile at too many people for the wrong reasons and you will not smile anymore. You will
be a painting on my wall. He made her into a work of art. The poet is saying “this is terrible.”
The two works of art are showing that the duke has power.
January 11, 2017
“My Last Duchess” Margaret Atwood
They respect miss Bessie because she has an MA.
She dresses very well, always elegant. Nice shoes, nice suits.
How do the students feel when miss Bessie asks them questions in class? Nobody wants to
speak up, out of fear of making a fool of themselves, by giving a wrong answer, or equally bad
to get the right answer.
What’s the girls name? the speaker? We do not know
Bill is the math guy. Gets frustrated.
The girl is the English person. Good at literature.
The final exam room would be hot, topple out of their desks in a cold faint, other girls had
unexpectedly got their periods, boys had nervous breakdowns, others forgot everything wrote
their own names over and over, another drew a meticulous triangle on every page.
Other people think the duke is a perv, a creep, a jerk for bumping off his last duchess. He
could’ve put her in a convent, then she wouldn’t be dead. The math guys like this option better.
But the poem says “all smiles stopped together.” The narrator understands why the duke did what he did, she thinks the duchess was a dumb
bunny, a simp, too cheap. Thinks the duchess is just like the popular girls at school who smile
too much and are cheap. She is reading from her own experiences. Sees Tess and Ophelia as
similar. She runs all the boyfriends through her life, just like the duke goes through duchesses.
She Is in charge of her boyfriends, in control, like the Duke. Gender roles. Although she’s in
control she’s still being confined by the rules, has continuous boyfriends because that’s the way
it should be, when she’s catcalled, she can’t respond because that’s the way it is, holding the
binder in front of herself. Her self-image is that she’s absolutely in control.
Margaret Atwood is a feminist.
The grade 12 exam is the mark between girl to womanhood.
January 13, 2017
Regarding to women as a body.
1975 Laura Mulvey’s essay “visual pleasure and narrative cinema”
Mr. Robinson thinks she is an unreliable narrator. Not deliberately lying, there are just things in
the situation that they do not see. Maybe just because she is young.
The narrator blames the victim.
Liminality: the narrator is in a trance. Stays to herself. In the basement.
Believes that going to university sets her apart, makes her better than those who didn’t “go on”
She’s been shaped by an attitude that there must be an order.
January 16, 2017
“Sailing to Byzantium” Yeats and “True Trash” Margaret Atwood
“That” is earth. It is no place for old men.
Artifice – art. I’m leaving behind my body and I will take another form, I want it to be some kind
of art that will sing of the soul, such as a gold bird sitting on a golden bow – golden bow
represents eternal life. In the end the speaker confesses his attachment to life, to sensual life,
because what will the golden bird sing about? It will sing about what is past. Earthly life. The life
of the senses.
The poem is circular; it comes back to the beginning. Structural irony of the poem.
The girls mentioned by name come from different classes. Ronettes parents are from the
working class, she comes from town
Joanne is between high school and first year university. She’s applied for a scholarship which
will decide if she makes it to university.
(1) (14) – That is no country for old men
(2) (17) – The young in one another’s arms
(3) (21) – whatever is begotten, born, and dies
(4) (22) – caught in that sensual music
(5) (29) – sick with desire.
(2) Darce and Ronette. Darce is handsome, he wants Ronette. They are embracing and Joanne
thinks of the young in one another’s arms. Joanne is roasting marshmallows and ignoring Perry
who wants to make out with her. Perry is angry. She angers Ronettes power to give herself up.
Joanne is interested in “going on” and university. She is very careful of control. She says she
envious but she’s certainly wary of it. (3) Ronette comes to Joanne saying she’s in trouble. she is pregnant. Joanne thinks “caught in
that sensual music.” Neglecting the monuments of un-aging intellect.
(4) they talk. What’s next? The young people leave. They talk about birth control, the pill,
11 years later Joanne is in York university, Toronto. She sees Donny they go for coffee; he
wonders whatever happened to Ronette?
The 60s were the sexual revolution. The pill. Earlier on sex had been thought of secret. The
reflects that after the revolution, it is just what everyone does. Makes her think of what she will
tell Donny about what she knows. She loves being literary, determining how the story will go.
Useful analytical tools:
In the past 40 years the whole field of literary theory, the academic study of literature and
philosophy and culture has been influenced by literary theory. Goes into political theories like
colonization. The fields of theory merge.
Binary, binaries, or binary oppositions:
Theorists have recognized that some binary oppositions have dominated our cultural
thinking, asserting the superiority of one term of the binary over the supposed
inferiority of the other term (men/women, white/black, etc.). Theorists have
deconstructed these binaries or examined them critically.
-Two terms against each other, one is superior. Men versus women. The conventional
view in our culture is to value men more than women. The women scantily clad and the
men playing hockey making multi-million dollar salaries. The binary of race. (non-
This term names and defines the multi-dimensionality of cultural life and of personal
identity. Sanders finds that our definition of the male gender depends very much on our
class background. Hooks uses the phrase “white supremacist capitalist patriarchy” to
convey the ways in which race, class, and gender intersect to define the most powerful
groups in society and to distinguish them from the powerless. Age and health might also
be named as key intersecting terms.
The absent referent:
Victims are often represented while persecutors are not. For example, we see the
suffering Christ but not the Romans who murdered him; we see the black man shot in
the street but not the police officer who shot him; we see the missing or murdered
indigenous woman but not the unfound and untried perpetrator. Since media images
repeatedly show us the victim rather than the perpetrator, we gradually slip into the
assumption that the victim is victimized by his or her own inadequacy or iniquity rather
than by other people or by social circumstance. We see these people as innately or
-the news always shows us the victim. Missing indigenous women, always hitchhiked in
the wrong places at the long time, partied with the wrong people. Like the narrator in
my last duchess, blaming the duchess. January 18, 2017
“True Trash” Margaret Atwood
Through Joanne’s perspective. So we see her thoughts and feelings, even though it is in third
person. A combination of distance and closeness.
Section one: afternoon break, early in camp: boys ogle the girls (male gaze): Donny the
thoughtful and sensitive one
Male gaze – assessing the female body. Culture views it as acceptable. Women in culture think
it is acceptable. The NFL playoffs.
Donny is thoughtful and sensitive. He is participating, doesn’t feel as excited, doesn’t notice
Ronettes body, but her missing tooth. Sees her as an individual. Donny’s mom would think
Ronettes perfume is cheap. Only cheap girls wear earrings. She is forbidden (according to what
his mom would think). He wonders what the girls are reading. He knows he should only be
interested in their bodies.
Section 2: The magazine story. Magazine is called true romance; they nickname it true trash.
The story, she lives in a small place above a shoe shop. She is chased by two guys. Chooses Dirk,
he has a motorcycle. Girl gets pregnant, goes to the rich guy who agrees to marry her. They get
a dog. Her mom works a lot and makes dresses. She is working class. True trash is a parallel to
the main plot.
*****does she keep the baby or no?
Section 3: dinner, the 9 waitresses. Some are rich and are there to learn to work and to meet
boys. Others like Ronette need the money. Darce = Dirk. They all think Darce is the most
handsome. Donny is one of the young boys, he likes Ronette.
Scene 4: Darce brings the boys past the windows and salutes to the waitresses, and they
wonder who. Joanne’s boyfriends the salad chef on the railway. Miss Fisk (no country for old
women – in reference to the Yates poem). Joanne’s romantic thoughts of death before 30.
That night Joanne reads the rest of the story (she always likes to know the end of the story)
Scene 5: boys and Monty, throwing underwear in tree
Scene 6: double date. Necking behind the rock (the young in one another’s arms – another
reference to Yates poem) Joanne wonders how Ronettes has the power to give herself up
Scene -: Tension rises: Donny & Monty on canoe trip, they hear Darce talking about Ronette as
“summer sausage,” Monty rubs it in, Donny throws his binoculars in lake the next morning,
Donny is shipped back home (20). Darce says he is porking her. The binoculars are the device
through which they are objectifying the girls.
Next Scene: End of summer: Ronette confides in Joanne about her being “in trouble” (“caught
in that sensual music”) (21) Will she get rid of it? (“Whatever is begotten, born, and dies”)
Ronette says no (22): parallel to magazine story.
11 years later: Joanne meets Don, the weekend hippy: he wants to know about Ronette, Darce
is mentioned. He wants to know about Ronette. Darce is brought up
Joanne’s story of Darce and the formal frat party: Darce the drunk looking for an ear, the
effrontery of his forgetting Ronette’s body (27) (it’s an offence to bodies)
Back at the camp: what really happened. Donny cares for Ronette. Ronette gives herself to him.
Back in coffee shop: Joanne figures out what happened. She looks at him as though he’s a
talking dog or rock. The final moment: Joanne contemplates telling Don but decides not to: sex has changed; that
was a story from a bygone era. If she told him, it would start another story, and she likes
definite endings (30).
That was a 50s story. When sex was deep dark and forbidden. This is a completely different era
where sex is just normal. That’s why she doesn’t tell him. She likes endings and telling him
would not be an ending, it would be a new beginning.
Fells envy – if she tells Don, he will go back to Ronette and Ronette will have a child and a man,
and Joanne has nobody. this would make her jealous. Envies love.
Feels power – the power to withhold information.
For Joanne everything is about her career. Not at all like Ronette. Not like Donny. His heart has
Maybe it’s a loyalty sisterhood feeling. This is Ronettes business to share.
January 20, 2017
“True Trash” Margaret Atwood
Abortion and adoption back then. 60s brought birth control, hippies, free love, change.
Diffident – the opposite of confident. Joanne was diffident about sex. She is jealous of Ronette
who is confident.
Has Joanne pursued her ambitions by the end of the story?? How has it gone for her? She does
go to university. She no longer wore white bucks, no longer sang songs. She wore turtlenecks
and drank beer and a lot of coffee.
Don is focused on Joanne’s legs (the male gaze)
Joanne doesn’t blame anyone.
January 23, 2017
Shame of indigenous people.
Pemmican eaters. The miserable halfbreeds. The pemmican eaters.
Related to Gabriel Dumont. Metis.
Lac St. Anne pilgrimage.
Arugaru stories (Rugaru – werewolf)
Where did the buffalo come from where do they go to? deep curves in earth or deep water.
Readily available high protein food that didn’t perish. Worked for the men who would row for
12 days, didn’t want to stop rowing to go hunt. (pemmican)
January 25, 2017
Use old class schedule.
Have a good title that introduces your argument. Don’t title it “research paper.” One tab is 5 spaces
No separate page for works cited. Just double space after text, and start works cited.
No comma between author and page number. “quote” (Zinn 357). Don’t repeat the name Zinn
Long quotations are four lines or more, indent, no quotation marks. (like its own paragraph).
Use square brackets when changing a quotation. (try to avoid this)
Ellipsis ( . . .) words left out in quotation. Don’t put them at the end or the beginning, only in the
middle. Four dots when you leave out more than a sentence. (three dots is like ellipsis; four
dots are like elipsees)
Works cited should be alphabetical
A quotation in a quotation. You say where you found it. (Qtd. In Adler 166)
Quotation marks for part of a text (story, song)
Title of complete text is italics. (book, CD)
Pp if you quote more than one page. P for one page.
January 27, 2017
Half-Breed research paper.
ENGLISH 103: RESEARCH ESSAY TOPICS (30%):
Approximately 1250 words (200 more or less); Due Feb. 17
Please write a well-structured literary analysis using research. Use MLA format and
documentation style, as outlined in the handout on MLA 2016 changes. Use the PowerPoint on
the university essay of textual analysis in order to structure your essay.
Choose one of the following topics. In both topics, use Janice Acoose’s chapter on Halfbreed as
your first secondary source (Halfbreed itself, the text under study, is your primary source: it too
must be listed among your Works Cited). Please use two other secondary sources to complete
your research on the novel.
1. Write an analysis of the character of the protagonist or heroine, Maria Campbell, considering
how she demonstrates strength of character: after succumbing to internalized colonization or
self-hate due to historical trauma, she drops the colonial security blanket of inferiority and
shame, becoming a confident Metis woman. 2. Write an analysis of the character of Maria’s mentor, Cheechum, her great grandmother.
Consider Cheechum’s ability to resist colonial racism and to maintain her cultural identity.
Please contrast Cheechum’s strengths with the different strengths of Grannie Campbell, Qua-
Chich, Grannie Dubuque, and Maria’s mother.
Topics are on females.
Looking for literary criticism on our topic. On females in the novel
We have a sample of someone’s essay and works cited from last semester.
Macewan Portal > Sign in > Click library > library website > search bar > Halfbreed Maria
Campbell > search > 72 sources > look for titles on gender, being a female, being a mother,
being metis, anything feminist.
find academic journals. Or a book.
Data base, go to MLA international bibliography
Show that you comprehend the argument of the writing. You are not just plucking out a quote,
without understanding. The quote gets used awkwardly.
Using MLA is like showing up to work on time.
Marias strength: key terms
• internalized colonization: colonized accept the colonizers view of them as inferior/
• historical trauma: the trauma of being colonized: destroys the connection to land,
culture, language, kinship, family, self
• colonial security blanket: handouts destroy identity, and the destroyed person is given a
blanket to hide shame.
• Becoming a confident metis woman: getting beyond self- hate, shame, and bitterness,
resisting colonization and recovering cultural identity as a metis woman.
Maria Campbell is coming April 5 .h
The idea of ‘divide and conquer’ put the different metis against each other.
Dispossession of Land:
• “terra nullius” – nobody’s land
• homesteads reclaimed, a generation “completely beaten” (8)
o they’re in the way (the Indians) • no land, no hope: alcoholism and gender violence (9)
• “half people” to Indians (25)
• Chiefs under col, Rule: no voice (26) (paragraph)
• Resistance: fat priest kicked out by dad (29-30)
• Racism of town (36-7)
• White men in Metis camp (38)
Metis versus Indian. Metis are independent and rebellious, say what they mean, fight, forgive,
January 30, 2017
“Halfbreed” Maria Campbell
more Dispossession of Land.
- resistance. Fat priest kicked out by dad. He expects a good Sunday dinner even though the
family is poor. Maria hates him. He robs what little food they have. Says the kids can’t eat the
strawberries in the church yard. The kids set up rabbit wire and trip him.
- the racism of the town. They were cursed at. They would get drunk, go back to their camp,
and white men would come along. There would be fights. (page 36-37) internal colonization.
The colonized people accepting the view of themselves as lesser. They had their heads down.
Talks about Cheechum, and the girl, and their strength.
Hope Choked to Death:
• Mixed school: inside joke- int. col. (48), racist teasing (50)
o They thought we were handicapped so we decided to really act like we were.
• Cheechum on int. col. (50-51)
• Sold out dad for chocolate bar (60); the law/poverty (61)
o His hiding spot for the meat and whiskey.
• Uncle jeans death and Mounties (68-9)
• CCF (70-71), Dief (71)
o Flamboyant, a colorful speaker, helped people for no charge, Dief was a hero.
Became prime minister. 1960 formed first right, the year indigenous people got
to vote. Dief was a human rights person.
• Raw hope (73-74); hope dies (75)/ Cheechum says “it will come” (76-77)
o Raw hope was a memoir. It was close to her life. Her dad lost hope. He hit
Cheechum and it was the last straw
o The divide and conquer. (76-77) the government jobs.
o Lateral violence. The term that came from colonialism
• Mom dies (77); church and funeral services (78-9)
• Mom: a quiet strength (80) February 1, 2017
Guest lecture. “No Bikini” by Ivan Coyote
- Our own expectations on first encounter with the text
- Processes of learning through the text
- Altered ways of understanding the text in juxtaposition with the film versions
Reflecting on the processes of (self) representation.
What did we expect based on the title “no bikini”?
- The title didn’t give me a lot to think about. Mixed with the front picture, it made me
curious, I thought it looked and sounded as though someone had lost their bikini, it
looked as though it was missing. I expected a story on a girl who had lost her bikini, or
her top, and had been left feeling naked.
- The first line left a fight for identity. Self-acceptance.
- Expectations shape the way we read and look at the text. What are we bringing to our
- Fought for gender equality. Gender identity.
- “Ivan often grapples with the complex and intensely personal issues of gender identity
in their work, as we as…”
Social construction of gender
- what is understood as ‘normal’ or ‘natural’ for a particular gender changes by cultural
and historical epoch
- the messages we get about ‘normal’ gendered behavior come from our culture, not
from our biology
- this was of understanding gender is known as social constructionism
- gender has a set of norms and expectations.
- The colored hat people get from the hospital right when they’re born.
What’s happening in the text?
Select passages from the text that tell us something about the following:
- Voice/point of view “I had a sex change once when I was 6 years old”
- Tone “I was an accomplished tomboy by this time, so I was used to hating my clothes”
“(boys here girls there) it was that simple, and it only got easier after the first day”
straightforward. Not a lot of emotional investment.
- Context – narrator speaking about an experience from the future, about the past. - Content in relation to the social constructedness of gender
- Very slight humor. “I was an accomplished tomboy by that point”
- “it didn’t even feel like a crime”
- a mature voice reflecting on a child’s experience.
- Trying to get across the child’s point of view.
- I couldn’t be trusted with a bikini, not then and not now. Reflecting on the experience,
but there was no finite solution.
First encounter with the film version
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SZjXscnwFU no bikini by trayg95
- How is this different from the original text version?
- What to the differences do to your interpretation of the text?
February 3, 2017
Mom dies and the church funeral service (77-79). Went to the Anglican church
Resisting colonial authority
She fails to resist when the officers come and offer her chocolate (60)
The long decline:
- Dad takes job 25 miles away; Karen 15. “keep your place” (93)
- Sophie and Christmas concert: self-hate, int. col. (102-103) hating your own people.
- Dad can’t marry Sarah (119); His heart tells him he can’t. he doesn’t love her. Hollywood
stereotypes. (111) The movie that paints the Indians as buffoons, she leaves disgusted.
- Smoky: wakes her emotionally (115) hates and loves him, because she can see his
future. Drinking and a big Indian family. Wants to choose a different way of life than the
one she was born into. Her way of life is oppressive. (117) marries Darrel to save family
(120) Darrel beaten by smoky, beats Maria, phones welfare, family taken (122-3) (lateral
violence) violence done to the family leads to violence within the family. Self-hate
taught by the system.
- With Chinese family, starts drinking and partying int. col (129) “I was being blamed for it
anyways I might as well do it” more internal colonization. This only brought more self-
- Int. col. False promise of Van (131)/ the people (131-2) (dissociation) such wealth, it’s a
place where everyone must be happy. She was wrong. The people she sees are clued
out. Look like they are no longer in their own bodies. Dispossessed. Dispossessed by the
colonial system. No longer in control of their lives. Not in control of yourself because you have suffered. (dissociation)
- Pills (136), heroine (137); Nabigon
medicine wheel; breakdown (163) (teacher thinks it’s a very good paragraph – 136)
- She feels she will have her mental health if she can keep the family. Eventually she
breaks down. Ignoring the colonial context. Blaming the victim for being a victim.
“That’s the way they are” that’s the way they are because that’s the way the
government makes them.
- Respect the opposing argument “I can see how people would think that this is just the
way they are”
- Shawn: love cut short (150)
- Being a white man’s Indian – internal colonization (155) – the security blanket. When
you go to get handouts you have to look poor and hopeless. They give you that blanket
to hide your shame.
- On “our men” (168) our men have gone into violence against women and blaming
- Tree stump of hope (171) the burnt tree stump, it’s there and it can regrow and it
- Nightmare (172-3) Cheechum dies, the people are acting way worse than before. The
men and women are on the streets drunk. Fighting. It’s “like a nightmare”
- Smoky’s bitterness (174) smoky has white women living with him “at least we can marry
white and feel that we’ve moved up in the world”
Hope for the future for change
- She’s no longer the idealistic shiny eyed young woman. We might not come together
unified because we love each other, but because we need each other. (184)
- She gets back together with the trucker David. And has lots of kids. Gets to keep them
- Meets activists
February 6, 2017
Acoose’s chapter on Halfbreed.
Politically she inspired other writers
A political story
Says it is fictional. How much is changed, what’s real and what’s not?
Colonial domicide (homicide is murder) domicide comes from domicile which means home.
Domicide is the murder of the home. The deliberate destruction of the home that follows a deliberate attack on the home. Colonialism attacks homes.
The joy of being in a family. Even under very difficult circumstances. The resistance to the
family breaking, and the family breaking, and the aftermath.
How is this a political fact
Look at historical context
February 8, 2016
Cheechum and others
- On internal colonization (50-1) – “evil spirit jumping up and down”; flogged C publicly,
was killed, C built cabin, fired shots over RCMP (10)
- Grannie Campbell, Dad’s mom, worked hard at cleaning brush (12); delivered settlers’
- Mom beautiful, quiet, gently (13), loved books (14), went into convent at 5 (15), Maria
born on trapline in April 1940, married 6 months later (15), dies – a “pillar of strength”
(80) they never noticed how much she did until she was gone.
- C never slept on a bed or ate off a table (16)
- C: food for little people (18); second sight sad (19)
- Qua Chich: Dads aunt, his mom’s sister: married big John at 16, became Sandy Lake Cree
(Indian Act – patriarchal) (20)
- Marias vision of her mother’s death
- Qua Chich: Big John dies in flu of 1918; never remarries, always wears black, rich, visited
poor halfbreeds spring and fall in “Bennet Buggy” (20)
- C: WWII “not our business” (22); “always walk proud” (37)
- Granny Dubuque, mom’s mom: wealthy, bought gifts – res. School account typical (47);
visits at Xmas, noisy, great storyteller, story of spoiled girl (91-2)
- C: teachings (82); leaves at 96 (84); on men (97); find “something better” (98); on
handouts and “blanket of shame” (159); on learning the hard way (175); 1966: dies,
never surrendered – need each other (184)
- Residential schools: central to Canadian history, racist relationship between the white
and non-white. Never enough funding for these schools. Missionaries teach for free,
never properly educated teachers. They were educated to be servants of white folks.
- Absent referent? Binary? Know these terms. Duality? (one culture is superior to the
- Cheechum was a mentor to Maria. An informal teacher, goes through life with you and
offers good advice, like a guide. (82). To see beauty in all things.
- The battle between good and evil.
- Your ability to do for yourself. Maria starts taking meaningful jobs that are good for her. - Maria doesn’t live in the moment?
February 10, 2017
Helsinki English studies
He searched Halfbreed Maria Campbell interpretation
Looking for 3 journal articles
Janice acoose is one source
We are doing textual analysis
Joining a community of scholars in looking at Halfbreed.
Recognize someone who disagrees with you, go on to say however
Respect the opposition.
- Internalized colonialism: telling them you are inferior, they hear it and they believe it. It
o Divide and conquer
o Giving the treaty Indians land and not the metis, created a divide
- Colonial security blanket: the source is the Halfbreed book. The shame that comes from
taking handouts. Page 159. When the government gives you something they take all you
have in return. The schools and churches are all made by this government. Everyone
wears this blanket in their own way. Come out from your blanket to face the ugly reality.
o Maria has always been a fighter. Animalistic, fight or flight when in conflict. The
parents of the two boys who hide outside, Maria fights for them.
o When the home is broken, Maria goes downhill. C
o Maria shows strength because she survives all of these things. What are the
evidence that she survived? Finds a good job, won’t take handouts. Keeps
control of her kids and settles down with David.
- Absent referent: involved blaming the victim. We always see the victim, not the
perpetrator. We notice they all have something in common. If we saw all the rapists, we
would probably notice they were all white when. Like people notice the victims are
always indigenous women
- Colonial domicide: intentional destruction of the home.
February 13, 2017
- 3 secondary sources: scholarly articles or chapters (you can use additional sources like
the Nabigon medicine wheel but they will be extra on top of the 3 secondary sources) - essay structure. Use the PowerPoint! He will be looking for it. (the university level
textual analysis essay)
- MLA format documentation
- Dissociation: disconnected from yourself. The people on the streets in Vancouver.