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Lecture 1

HIST-100 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Francis Xavier, Tokugawa Ieyasu, Toyotomi Hideyoshi
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3 Pages
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Winter 2018

Department
History
Course Code
HIST-100
Professor
Elena Krevsky
Lecture
1

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Cultural Foundations of Japan
Ujj - the clan
Prominence of women, matriarchal families
Shinto - the way of the Gods
Kami - divine spirit
Shinto Shrine - does not have a detailed theoretical principle like Islam, just worships things
like nature and their surroundings
Chinese influence:
adopted in the 5th century
Chinese and Japanese - very different language - technical difficulties between the two
had to learn chinese first, then japanese and had to learn how to write both languages
Confucianism: heaven, harmony, worship of ancestors, cult of family (filial piety)
every family had a special place where they worshipped their ancestors
Chinese : idea of mandate of heaven - the imperial family comes into power because they have
mandate of heaven since heaven trusted them with this power
political ideals (not the Mandate of heaven)
Administrative division: Japan was divided into provinces, prefectures and sub prefectures
Buddhism - many buddhists came to Japan to study the scriptures of their religion
Tokugawa Japan: Political Foundations
early 17th Century - early 1600’s
Warring States Era (1467-1600):
1467: conflict over the next Ashikaga Shogun led to collapse of central authority
Wars between daimyo, local lords and samurai strongmen
Japan was in turmoil for 100 years
Castles and castle towns were built
Growing numbers of samurai
They didn’t have to pay taxes, so were able to spend more money on military
Commercial growth
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Cultural Foundations of Japan Ujj - the clan Prominence of women, matriarchal families Shinto - the way of the Gods Kami - divine spirit Shinto Shrine - does not have a detailed theoretical principle like Islam, just worships things like nature and their surroundings Chinese influence: adopted in the 5th century Chinese and Japanese - very different language - technical difficulties between the two had to learn chinese first, then japanese and had to learn how to write both languages Confucianism: heaven, harmony, worship of ancestors, cult of family (filial piety) every family had a special place where they worshipped their ancestors Chinese : idea of mandate of heaven - the imperial family comes into power because they have mandate of heaven since heaven trusted them with this power political ideals (not the Mandate of heaven) Administrative division: Japan was divided into provinces, prefectures and sub prefectures Buddhism - many buddhists came to Japan to study the scriptures of their religion Tokugawa Japan: Political Foundations early 17th Century - early 1600s Warring States Era (1467-1600): 1467: conflict over the nextAshikaga Shogun led to collapse of central authority Wars between daimyo, local lords and samurai strongmen Japan was in turmoil for 100 years Castles and castle towns were built Growing numbers of samurai They didnt have to pay taxes, so were able to spend more money on military Commercial growth
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