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Lecture 1

SOCI-100 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Auguste Comte, Gender Role, Social Forces


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCI-100
Professor
Susan Raine
Lecture
1

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CHAPTER ONE
objectives
identify key concepts/ideas
origins/history of sociology
develop critical thinking skills.
What is sociology?
Study of human groups & their interactions.
Complex interconnections.
C. Wright Mills (Mills 1916-1962).
“sociological imagination”
the ability to perceive how dynamic social forces influence individual lives.
Social context of personal & public events
Interconnection.
e.g. depression.
Psycho perspective depression is fixed thru antidepressants.
Socio perspective social context is still there, although the individual can deal with it
better.
cheerful robots
people who are unwilling or unable to see the social world as it truly exists.
Peter Berger
seeing the general in the particular
look at seemingly unique events (particular) & recognize larger (general)
features involved.
Look beyond the obvious.
seeing the strange in the familiar.
These 2 are the cornerstone of the sociological perspective.
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INDIVIDUAL/SOCIETY: WHO YOU ARE AND WHY
Agency
Assumption that individuals have the ability to alter their socially constructed
lives. (free will, choice, freedom)
Structure
Network of relatively stable opportunities and constraints influencing
individual behaviors.
E.g. education, work.
WHO YOU ARE: KEY SOCIAL FACTORS
i. minority status
e.g. ethnic minority, physical or mental disability, gay, lesbian, trans-gendered.
ii. gender
role of patriarchy
men control/have greater access to resources.
iii. socio-economic status
Income level
Education level
Occupation
Area of residence.
iv. family structure
higher income associated with two parent families
influences wellbeing.
v. urban vs.rural
access/exposure to:
Healthcare, diversity (e.g. ethnic, religious, etc.)
Entertainment, cultural events
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