Class Notes (836,580)
Canada (509,856)
Anthropology (639)
ANTH 206 (76)
Lecture

Environment Constrains and Enables Culture.pdf

3 Pages
43 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Anthropology
Course
ANTH 206
Professor
Peter Rudiak- Gould
Semester
Fall

Description
Problems with Environmental Determinism No room for human agency Agency as creativity It's functionalist Geertz: one doesn't, remembering Aztecs human sacrifices or the self-immolation of Indian widows, know whether to laugh or to cry No room for motivations other than survival Assumes that every society is well adapted to their environments Fails to account for cultural diversity within single environments Possibilism Environment does not cause a culture to be a certain way, but rather makes it possible for it to be certain ways and impossible for it to be other ways People have agency Softer version of determinism Marshal Sahlins Explains why some Polynesian societies are more stratified than others Stratification is the "building up of layers" The dividing of a society into levels based on power or socioeconomic status As resource availability increases, the stratification level increases Food surplus Leaders can direct the use of the surplus food Allows the creation of a chiefly class Possibilism Environment did not determine how stratified the society is, but made it POSSIBLE for the Polynesians to CHOOSE it Measured stratification Are the chiefs obliged to participate in subsistence activities? Chief's clothing Are chiefs like king in terms of decision-making? Inter-chiefs marriage? The more rights the chiefs has, the more stratified the island is Hawaii/Tonga/Samoa/Tahiti Very highly stratified Mangareva/Mangaia/Easter Island/Uvea High stratified Masquesas/Tikopia/Futuna Moderately stratified Pukapuka/Ontong Java/Tokelau Weakly stratified Jared Diamond Explains why some societies became dominant over others
More Less

Related notes for ANTH 206

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit