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Why People Damage:Protect the Environment.pdf

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ANTH 206
Peter Rudiak- Gould

Env. Damage: Unique to Western culture? 1st common assumption: Westerners damage nature while non-Westerners do not Pro Rise of the West Increase of technology Con Contemporary non-western societies damage the env. too The West created "environmentalism" The down-side of colonialism would be the destruction of ecological values, and not the destruction of human population --> contrary to human rights 2nd common assumption: Westerners damage the env. is because of their values about it Pro Numerous cases where nature-culture separation seems to have led to env. destruction Guinea case study Con Environmentalism separates nature and culture --> led to some protection of nature Separating culture and nature is not unique to the West Other reasons why the environment is damaged e.g. Population, technology, env. parameters Some societies lack the technology or number to damage their environments Conservation is the deliberate attempt to limit resource use Are Non-Western Societies Environmentally Benign Ganges --> No matter how polluted it can be, it will still be pure Hunter-gatherers that believe in a giving environment Do not need to give back Kogi Believe people must protect the environment Younger Brothers and Elder Brothers Young = Spanish invaders and Westerners Do not care for the environment Elder = themselves Take care of the environment and try to show that to the Younger Brothers Kasigau Kenya Same view point as Dogon Christians vs animists vs people that just don't believe in other forces Aranda Australian aboriginal tribe Blame themselves for the destruction of the environment Norse and the Inuit in Greenland Zafimaniry Myth of Primitive Ecological Wisdom Equating env. destruction with the West and Western values is too simplistic Equating env. destruction with the West and Western values is too simpli
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