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Lecture 5

Lecture 5.pdf

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Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANTH 209
Professor
Emilie Parent

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Fieldwork: Living or Leaving the Scene
History
Started with European missionaries
Bartolome de las Casas
Lots of examples during the Enlightenment also
Questions about the relation between nature and society, definition of mankind, and
what distinguishes a natural condition of humanity from a cultured condition
1890's
Beginning of professional (British) anthropology
Starting to study cultures by themselves instead of comparing them to European
ways of doing
Questionnaires were handed out to missionaries, military and naval officers, and colonial
administrators
Questions on a broad variety of subjects
"Notes and Queries on Anthropology"
Permitted the gathering of a lot of information
Establishing ethnography
Malinowski and Radcliffe-Brown are the founders of how anthropology is today
New methods of fieldwork
No more tied to desk
Malinowski
From Cracow, 1884
Doctorate in physics and mathematics
Stayed 4 years in Southern New Guinea
Stuck because of WWI
Revolutionized the techniques of anthropological researches
Learned the local language
Took his notes in it too
"Natives of Mailu" in 1915
Used "Notes and Queries"
Techniques
First, describe landscape and the physical features of the environment
Second, describe the social and economical conditions
Third, zoom on social institutions
First to promote participation
A.R. Radcliffe-Brown
Worked on the Andaman islands
Influenced by Durkheim
Believed in comparative social anthro based on theoretical principles
The goal of doing fieldworks was to build theories and apply them to other societies
Tried to identify the structure of the studied society
Techniques
Describe specific elements as his only step
Ethics and Fieldwork
Capacity to be objective
None

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Description
Fieldwork: Living or Leaving the Scene History Started with European missionaries Bartolome de las Casas Lots of examples during the Enlightenment also Questions about the relation between nature and society, definition of mankind, and what distinguishes a natural condition of humanity from a cultured condition 1890's Beginning of professional (British) anthropology Starting to study cultures by themselves instead of comparing them to European ways of doing Questionnaires were handed out to missionaries, military and naval officers, and colonial administrators Questions on a broad variety of subjects "Notes and Queries on Anthropology" Permitted the gathering of a lot of information Establishing ethnography Malinowski and Radcliffe-Brown are the founders of how anthropology is today New methods of fieldwork No more tied to desk Malinowski From Cracow, 1884 Doctorate in physics and mathematics Stayed
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