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ANTH 227 (58)

Lecture 4

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McGill University
ANTH 227
Tobias Rees

Review Malinowski as first field expert Young marks the end of modern classical ethnography Young 1970's Problem of mis-categorization "The western paradigm is not a universally means for analyzing what people are doing about sickness" Our definition of medicine does not apply universally - some other cultures might mix it with religion or magic Medicine is now an abstract system Combination of signs Matrix of diagnostic and therapeutics classifications and techniques Key strategies A general (time and place independent) definition of medicine as a system of ideas organized around sickness Cross-cultural comparison Sickness The socially recognized behaviour of sick people Failure to fulfill social role Conclusion What separates Western and non-western societies is the conception of ontological orders What makes you sick There are no fundamental differences in the way in which praxis works through sickness episodes History (cont'd) River's epoch Life expectancy is around 25-39 years old Due to cholera, typhoid fever, small pox, measles, mumps, etc, etc So called Golden Age of medicine Disease at that time Miasma Under the earth and around, there are bubbles that contain poisonous gas If one explodes as you
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