Class Notes (838,171)
Canada (510,726)
Art History (164)
ARTH 205 (31)
Lecture

Primativism Oct. 26th

6 Pages
109 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Art History
Course
ARTH 205
Professor
Samantha Burton
Semester
Fall

Description
Oct. 26th Primativism - time when it became important for artists self identifying as modern artistes - 1890's to 1900's - three artists (gauguin, matise, picasso) - influential on the style of other artists - major ramifications for what we think of as modern art, and what a modern artist should show and do - ideas of modern artist were bound up in colonial ideas of race, sexuality and colonialsm - Before Gauguin - 1880s -1870s/1880's Avant Guard is dominated by the Impressionists - in terms of style is it extension of realism, showing own individual experience of outside world - new subjects, new places (external city) - by 1880's impressionism is not so scandalous - post impressionism (period) - not a very useful term, because it encompases so many artists and style - for major leaders, cezaan, van Gogh, Seurat, and Gauguin - different but for simplicity sake we can divide them in two directions - Cezanne and Seurate are going in direction of realism - Van Gogh and Gauguin are representing internalistic world (their inner world) - Cezanne (briefly) - long, fairly unsuccessful career - when continues on withought the Impressionists, exploring sensory perception and how the eye sees, (whats going on around) it - all about simplicity, form at its most basic shapes, "essences" - illuminates the emphasis on effemorality, capturing the moment (Impressionists break) - rejected from Salon over and over again, other avant guard artists didn't like either - became pop only later when cubism rose - George Seurat - unlike Sezanne, he became the head of the avant gaurd - not well received by mainstream - exhibited with Impressionists, and other avant guard exhibitions - shift away from Impressionists ideas of quick impression of modern life - pushes further in terms of its scientific (rational, objective studies of art and light) - observation a science, looking at proportion and colour - use of pointillism, or divisionism to lay down colours - Sunday Afternoon on the Island - blending of very clear colours in your eyes - playing with contemporary ideas about vision, colour and light and how these things work - careful long process - Circus - same subjects as impressionists (modern life) - Chahut - the opera - other artists were turning away from the modern urban subjects - stemming from a modern moment, representing a fear and anxiety of loss of the old ways - nostaligic - huge interest in primitive societies, and peoples (located both inside and outside of Europe) - no one particular style - what is problematic in terms of looking at societies as primitive - creates the other, differentiation - creates a hierarchy - primitive taken as less civilized - places london and paris at the height of civilization - defines the way others are seen - defines the whole world by western standards - primitive societies seen as backwards, barbaric - but also more simple, pure ( double edge culture) - same goes for primitive art - VanGogh and Gougain picking up that primitive culture and people have some more pure form of expression - primitive cultures can inspire you to get in touch with intuitive, inner world, self expression - shift of value of artists from being able to capture something outside, to being able to capture something within yourself! - this outlasts the importance of primitive subjects - not new - see the comparisons on the slides - Bouveret (Breton Women at a Pardon and the Pardon in Brittany) - makes peasant life, where peasants are happy with their life, very traditional, pious, set in their own gender roles - often "backwards" societies are placed in relation to modern artists societies, but backwardness is good - anthropological look into societies, constructing as other - similar to orientalism - very popular topic of depiction - artists would move out to the fringes (Cornwall, Normandy etc) to paint - cultures had own distinctness - people talked about them as having own distinct different race - emphasis on Religions Piety - distinct costumes were a major focus as well - way to make societies seem other, (easily identifiable as other) - conservative nostalgic values - seen as old - but really these costumes were new (regional costumes came after French Revolution) - laws - ignore signs of modernity in order to create narrative of past - want to see cultures as timeless - willfully blind to the signs of modernity around them - Gauguin The Vision After the Sermon - trying to place himself as antagonist to Seraunt and other artists of the time - practical to live in brittany - he had lost money in british stock market crash - The Vision - also depicting the pardon - religions regonfla festival and combining it with biblical story - one of the attractions at festival is wrestling - combines Jacob wrestling with - seems timeless because of the bible references - different from previous - bright colours - not realistic ( can see brush strokes) - using new techniques to engage us with the image - space is not represented (can not tell how far the angle is from the women - NO DEPTH, compressed! - Scale is all off, no three dimensionality - taking away the naturalism of style we wonder, is this real at all or is this an inner state of consciousness? - are we seeing the visions of these woman as they are partaking the ritual. - Gaugain is interesting because he uses subject and style differently - subject and
More Less

Related notes for ARTH 205

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit