ARTH 204 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Orans, Barberini Family, Diptych

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Arth 204: medieval art and architecture class notes. Early christian art : late antiquity period/ post classical 3rd and 4th century art. Themes from roman heritage: triumphant imagery, visual narrative. Augustus r. 27 bce - 14 ce: embodied deified ruler, sanctified role and military authority. Constantine the great r. 306-337 bce: consolidated christian roman empire, constantinople: eastern capital. Arch of titus : roman forms of storytelling, representing historical events. Roman empire becomes a christian empire, minor cult => state religion. Religious practice in roman world: gods and official cults co-existed with judaism, mithraism and christianity; religion represented allegiance to empire. 312 battle of milvian bridge (leading into rome) 313 edict of milan => granted religious freedom to christians (freedom with economic prospects) Pre-constantinian christian architecture: house church (ex dura europas) Every roman town had at least 1 basilica (large rectangular building) administrative structure. Christians looked to basilica for inspiration, not temple (select few)

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