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Lecture 10

EAST 211 Lecture 10: EAST211_lec10_Oct12

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McGill University
Asian Language & Literature
EAST 211
Rebecca Robinson

Mon, Oct 12 2016 1 of 6 EAST 211 Week 6 Lecture 1 Re-wri▯ng the canon-Neo-confucianism and educa▯on the Son g Terms • Zhu Xi • Qingming scroll • Examination system • footbinding • Outline Elite culture • neo confucianism • education • changing position of women Mid term • Part one: term identification - 4 define ‣ define ‣ 2 reasons why its significant • Part two: primary source questions: readings or lectures - 2 quotes ‣ short answer questions • Part three: image identification - 1 image talked about in class ‣ context about the image, symbol, context, importance • go over terms and power points when reviewing Time line • Song dynasty 960 - 1279 - great advancements - insecure state, militarily weak, inferior complex - territory shrank from tang - North song 960 - 1127 - Southern Song 1127 -1279 ‣ only occupy the lower area, remark loss of the north • Two suns in the sky - there are a number of other dynasties occupying, but we are only focusing on Song • Song dynasty - The most disruptive rupture, many changes: loss of northern aristocratic families - newly emerging class - trained in confucian doctrine to serve government - descendants of the Han - intense economic production - people started purchasing food instead of always agriculture - economy becomes more monetized - first paper currency The Founders Mon, Oct 12 2016 2 of 6 • begins with emperors - Song Taizu, Song TaiZong - seen as exemplary • privilege civil methods of governing instead of military - common theme - avoid the possibility of having powerful military men uprising and overthrow them - effective and strong government - but weak dynasty in a military perspective • New administrative structure • surrounded themselves of good officials - listened to their advice but made their final decision • they were dedicated rules, set up a system that was micro manage, over sight of everything • the system they establish would only work if they were a workaholic to see over see everything - if we get a less competent leader it wouldn't work Characteristic of Song • Office filled with scholar officials not hereditary of aristocrats • complicated bureaucracy - many titles • Emperor at the head of the bureaucracy - bureaucracy supports the emperor only if the emperor is strong • Rise of the scholar officials - serves as court and this bureaucracy Ritual • Life cycle rituals - brith - coming of age - marriage - death - ancestral worships • Zhu xi’s family rituals - each of the sections, talks about main man and primary women each perform particular actions that have their tasks that they need to accomplish and ordered structure - man without a wife could not perform those - simplifying the rituals that was easy to follow - book could use at home, covered all aspects and instructions, very specific - promote harmony within the household, and perform their role within the family - hierarchical • important of culture superiority over the north neighbours, demonstrate that you belong with the Chinese culture • head of family would worship: family, grandfather and great father at spiritual centre of household • bring together family in honour of family - filial piety, worship of parent even father their death • sons respect and worship their fathers • Son must carry on family line - have more son • Man is never ritually complete until they are married • women play an equally important role in these ritual, serving husband’s parents Mon, Oct 12 2016 3 of 6 What is Neo-confucianism • Revival of confucianism • learning of the way of daoxue • learning of principle of li xue • search for a confucian ideology to compete with buddhist and daoist cosmologies - functional in their own society, elevate confucianism above other religions • coined 17th century by jesuit missionaries • begins in the Song Dynasty, speak popularity in Ming and Qing Factors in the development of Neo Confucianism • Reaction against foreign invasions - political and militarily weak - north military powerful - song wanted to demonstrate cultural superiority • Reaction against the nihilist metaphysics of buddhism - buddhism wanted to transcend life and death - Confucianism deals with the reality of life - humanism • influence by religious daoism - supporters would join together against buddhism • revival of confucianism itself - interpretations of confucianism text - reinterpretation of what they actually mean and more discussion on the meanings • not just a reproduction, it is a synthesis of conflicting traditions of the previous regions - has all aspects of confucianism, taoism and buddhism • wasn't universally approved at first Basic tenets of Confucian
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