www.mcgill.ca/science/ours/nserc or /science/ours/sura
Stage 1: conversion of polymer into monomers through hydrolysis, ready to be absorbed
Stage 2: building up of monomers into a 2C molecule, as an intermediate, an acetyl group attached to
CoA into Acetyl-CoA.
The 2C comes off as CO2, in a series of redox reactions, NAD gains the electrons, transformed into NADH.
Oxygen is the final e- acceptor, producing water. ATP is then generated through a process of oxidative
Berg’s biochemistry 453-469.
Conversion of glucose into pyruvate, and the oxidation of NAD+ into NADH.
Could take place without oxygen, fermentation as it requires the regeneration of NAD+, producing lactic
acid in muscle and ethanol in yeast. Unlike aerobic energy production, produces a final organic
Steps. 1. Invest 2 ATP, to produce a 1,6, di phosphate fructose molecule. Prevents glucose from leaving
the cell. Caused by hexase kinase on the 6 carbon first first, phosphofructose kinase adding the PO4 on
the first carbon after. PPFK acts as the pacema