Section 2 in writers handbook:
• A sentence is an independent clause
A sentence has a subject and a predicate
Ex: The in the classroom found grammar lessons extremely tedious
Types of sentences:
Declarative: makes a statement → tigers are dangerous
Interrogative: asks a question → Are tigers really dangerous?
Imperative: gives a command → Be careful when you tickle tigers!
Exclamatory: expresses a strong feeling → I love tickling tigers!
Basic Sentence Patterns:
• Subject + Verb (Pg. 58) → cats jump
• Subject + Verb + Object (P. 59) → the cat jumped on the table
• Subject + Verb in the passive voice (P. 59) → the cat was scared by the table
• Subject + Verb + Indirect Object+ Direct Object (p. 60)
• Subject + Linking Verb+ Subject Complement (predicate adjective or noun) (p. 61)
• Subject + Verb + D.O. + Objective Complement (adjective or noun) (p. 61-62)
• There or It + Linking Verb (+complement) + object (p.62-63)
• Also known as a subordinate clasues, these also contain a subject and a predicate but
they can’t stand alone as a sentence/ They need to be joined to a main clause to
• The tiger resented being used in grammar examples because he thought grammar
Functions of Subordinate Clauses
• Clauses can be used as grammatical unites in a sentence: noun clauses, adjectival
clauses/relative clauses, and adverbial clauses are common.
• Eg: The tiger knows on which side his bread is buttered (Noun clause: serves the
subject, object, or predicate of the sentence. Which is it here?) (see p. 65-66) Phrases!
• A phrase is a group of words that doesn’t have a subject and or/predicate but works as
a grammatical unit in a sentence.
• Verb phrase: Most of the tigers will be arriving at the zoo. (Acts as verb)