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CHEM 222 (112)
Lecture

carboxylic acids.pdf

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Department
Chemistry
Course
CHEM 222
Professor
David Harpp
Semester
Fall

Description
CARBOXYLICACIDSNomenclatureIUPACcommonsaltsoresterIUPACnamenamenameformicmethanoicmethanoateacidacidaceticethanoicethanoateacidacidpropionicpropanoicpropanoateacidacidbutyricbutanoicbutanoateacidacidvalericpentanoicpentanoateacidacidProperIUPACnamingThepreferredsystemofnomenclatureistheIUPACsystem longestchaincarryingthecarboxylgroupistheparentstructure eofalkanebecomeso carboxylicacidsoicacido saltsandestersoateCommonnamesGreeklettersareusedtoindicatethepositionsofsubstituentsDiacidsAgoodtricktorememberthenamesofdiacidsisohmysuchgoodapplepie2PropertiesHydrogenbondingItispossibleforcarboxylicacidstoHbondtoeachotherThisdramaticallyincreasestheboilingpointStrengthofacidAnacidisastrongeracidifaprotoncaneasilyberemoved electronegativegroupspullelectronsfromsurroundingOo OdoesnthaveenoughelectronsandwillpullfromH Hismorepositiveandmoreacidic themoreelectronwithdrawinggroupsthereareontheCthemoreacidictheacidiso stronglydeactivatingpullelectronsthroughdoublebonds NO2 COOH COH CORo weaklydeactivatingdonateelectronsthroughdoublebondsandtakeelectronsthroughsinglebonds Cl Br I FPreparation1 OxidationofalcoholsalkenesandalkylbenzenesOxidationiseitheraddinganOorremovinganHfromtheCbeingoxidized
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