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Lecture 11

CLAS 203 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Nereid, The Manacles

Course Code
CLAS 203
Margaret Palczynski

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CLAS203 Lecture 11 Notes
The Forge of Hephaestus:
Always seen depicted in art with tools, which demonstrates his trade
In many stories, Hephaestus made many magical/remarkable items such as the thread
to get out of a labyrinth
Other names include Volcanus, Vulcan
Non-Greek origin
Island of Lemnos
Two variants: son of Zeus and Hera/son of Hera
Serious: art, love
God of fire and forge (useful fire)
Patron of metalworkers, smiths
Promoter of civilization and city life
Physical deformity, lack of beauty
Wife: Aphrodite (contrast)
Lusted after Athene (birth of Erichthonius)
Objects made by Hephaestus
o Pandora (clay)
o Manacles binding Prometheus
o Ball of unbreakable thread (Ariadne)
Thrown down from Olympus
Rescued by Thetis and the Nereids
Return to Olympus
Volcanus: destructive fire
Can be identified by always wearing armour
Also known as Mars
Incarnation of blood lust: merciless, fearless
“The most hated of all gods”
Originates in Thrace
Few myths, worshipped little
No wife
Children by Aphrodite: Eros, Harmonia
Homer, Odyssey, bk. 8: Ares, Aphrodite and Hephaestus
Mars: Very important god to the Romans