CLAS 203 Lecture Notes - Lecture 16: Sacred Prostitution, The Golden Ass, Homeric Hymns

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CLAS203 Lecture 16 Notes
Hestia:
Is oldest and youngest of the Olympians; born first, but vomited last by Cronus
Also known as Vesta
Always paired up with Hermes (duality of traveller vs. someone who doesn’t move at all)
Represents the unmoving center
First born of Cronus and Rhea
Virgin: rejects both Poseidon and Apollo
Never left Olympus
Goddess of the hearth sacred fire
Defines internal space of female world
o Woman’s duty to tend the fire
Left out the canon of the Olympians
Vesta: goddess of hearth as center of family life (extended to the Roman community;
was more important to Roman’s then the Greeks)
Vestal Virgins: Temple of Vesta in Roman Forum
Highly regarded and important
Aphrodite:
Influential and interesting goddess
Also known as Venus (Roman)
Ancient (12 c. BC), non-Greek probably coming to Greece from the east
Two genealogies:
o First generation gods springs from semen of castration of Uranus
o Daughter of Zeus and Dione
Double origin
o Cyprus (Cypris), Cythera two islands associated with her
o Two names: Ourania (heavenly Aphrodite), Pandemos (for all people)
Sexual attraction, beauty
Power over even the gods
Sacred animal: dove
Worship of Aphrodite/Inanna/Ishtar/Astarte: temple prostitution
Myths:
o Pygmalion (king of Cyprus) and Galatea (comes to life from a statue through
Pygmalion praying to Aphrodite)
o Paphos (daughter of Pygmalion and Galatea) and Cinyras (a king), Myrrha
(daughter of Paphos and Cinyras, punished to love her father because Paphos
said she was as beautiful as Aphrodite. Gets pregnant and her father was about
to kill her, when she prays and gets turned into a mur tree), Adonis (son of
Myrrha and her father Cinyras)
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Document Summary

Is oldest and youngest of the olympians; born first, but vomited last by cronus. Always paired up with hermes (duality of traveller vs. someone who doesn"t move at all) Goddess of the hearth sacred fire. Defines internal space of female world: woman"s duty to tend the fire. Left out the canon of the olympians. Vesta: goddess of hearth as center of family life (extended to the roman community; was more important to roman"s then the greeks) Vestal virgins: temple of vesta in roman forum. Ancient (12 c. bc), non-greek probably coming to greece from the east. Two genealogies: first generation gods springs from semen of castration of uranus, daughter of zeus and dione. Double origin: cyprus (cypris), cythera two islands associated with her, two names: ourania (heavenly aphrodite), pandemos (for all people) Myths: pygmalion (king of cyprus) and galatea (comes to life from a statue through.

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