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Lecture

CLAS 203 Lecture Notes - Amphiaraus, Eriphyle, Tydeus


Department
Classics
Course Code
CLAS 203
Professor
Margaret Palczynski

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CLAS203 Lecture 27 Notes
Oedipus Tyrannos (Tyrannos means ruler)
o Shepherd from Corinth
Death of Polybus
Origins of Oedipus
o The Theban shepherd
o Jocasta’s suicide
o Anagnorismos “recognition of the tragic hero that they are in the wrong
o Peripeteia “reversal of the tragic hero everything goes downhill
Oedipus at Colonus
o Oedipus and Antigone at large in a village of Colonus sitting on a stone
o Approached by a villager who tells them to leave as they are sitting on the Grove
of Erinyes at Colonus, Oedipus recognizes the prophecy that he would die at the
place sacred to the Furies for which he’ll be a blessing to the land
o Villagers find out his identity and is horrified to find out that he is the son of
Laius. Wants him to leave. Oedipus asks Theseus to come and villagers wait for
the judgment of their king
o Arrival of Ismene: the oracle heard by both sons that where Oedipus lies will
determine the outcome of the conflict
o Creon approaches to bury him at the boarder of Thebes (Thebes for Eteocles),
Polynices gathering support from the Argives to attack the city
o Oedipus curses his sons, pledges alliance with neither of his sons but to the
people of Colonus, who have treated him well. Ismene volunteers to perform
appeasing tasks to appease the villagers for trespassing the holy ground of the
Furies
o Oedipus offers his gift to Theseus and the people of Colonus. Creon arrives, says
he already captured Ismene and orders his men to capture Antigone. Theseus
comes and overpower Creon and gets back Antigone and Ismene
o Polynices arrives (after being banished from Thebes) and speaks to Oedipus
(through Antigone’s persuasion), Polynices asks for his father to relent and help
him win back Thebes. Oedipus says the curse will have Polynices and his brother,
Eteocles, kill each other. Antigone tries to tell Polynices not to attack Thebes but
he doesn’t leave, then making an exit.
o Rescued by Theseus
o Final fate of Oedipus: asks Theseus to look after his daughters, only Theseus
could know his burying grounds and pass it on to his heirs. In a flash of light,
Theseus is gone. Antigone leaves to Thebes, hoping to stop the Seven Against
Thebes from marching
Seven Against Thebes (Aeschylus)
o Eteocles (army of Thebes and supporters), Polynices (army of Argive)
o Argos: Adrastus (king of Argos): solved dispute between Tydeus and Polynices by
offering his daughters due to an oracle made that man who carried a shield with
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