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Lecture 18

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CLAS 203
Margaret Palczynski

CLAS203 Lecture 18 Notes Demeter:  Abduction of Persephone by Hades where the ground rips open, a black chariot snatches Persephone and takes her away. Persephone vanishes and Demeter leaves all her fertility tasks while searching for her daughter all over the world. While Demeter rests at a well (in a disguise as an old women), the daughters of a king from a nearby palace offer Demeter to go back with them to their home. While at the palace, the queen (Metaneira) hire Demeter to be the nurse for her newborn son (Demophon). While Demeter tends to Demophoon, she grants him the gift of immortality by holding him over a fire (requires more than one treatment).  Eleusis: Metaneira, Demophoon, Triptolemus o Gift of agriculture – taught to Triptolemus o Triptolemus was often seeing in a winged chariot, given by Persephone to spread the gift of agriculture o Lyncus, king of the Scythians refused gift and so was turned into a lynx  Eleusinian Mysteries o Lesser: yearly; greater: every 5 years o Mystai, Telesterion, Anakteron o Pan-Hellenic (open to all Greek speakers without blood guilt) o Secret; penalty for revealing mysteries: death o Lasted until 396 AD Dionysus:  Often known as Bacchus (Roman)  Cadmus o Cadmus marries Harmonia; have many children. One of them, Semele, is the only mortal who has a child with Zeus who becomes an Olympian o Son of Agenor, king of Tyre o King of Thebes o Eastern ties (Thrace, Phrygia) o Late introduction into Greece? o Portrayed as strange and foreign god o Other seen with a satyr o Oriental dress (long robes) o Often seen with a long beard, agriculture/vegetation around him, and is carrying a drinking horn o Dionysus comes into contact with his worshippers moreso then any other gods o Myth motifs:  Travels – not always welcomed back into Greece because he was not Greek  Resistance o Name: ‘twice born’  Death of Semele  Birth from Zeus’ thigh  Nursed by Ino and Thamas or the nymphs of Nysa (Nysa not on m
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