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Lecture 31 Notes.docx

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McGill University
CLAS 203
Margaret Palczynski

CLAS203 Lecture 31 Notes The End of the Trojan War:  Penthesilea (Amazon Queen, great warrior)  The death of Achilles  The arms of Achilles  The death of Ajax, son of Telamon  The death of Paris (Menelaus/Neoptolemus) Penthesilea:  Fights Achilles where she dies under his arms  Some rumours say that Achilles was not happy that he had killed a beautiful women and wished he had met her on some other occasion Death of Achilles:  Killed by Paris when shot by arrow in his heels; shot was guided by Apollo. Fate must be fulfilled. Both sides wanted his body. One to savage, the other to bury. Everybody wanted Achilles’ armour (made by Hephaestus)  Ajax pulls body of Achilles away to bury. Odysseus and Ajax fights for armour. Odysseus gets armour, Ajax did not get glory (“klous”), Athena causes him to go insane and he kills a lot of Greek captains, regains sanity and commits suicide  Motif transference: deliberate parallels between death of Patroclus and Achilles  Iliad foreshadows Achilles’ death with a heightened dramatic effect  Achilles stretched lying in the dust  Thetis and the Nereids coming out of the water to mourn in an outburst of sorrow  Thetis holding Achilles’ head in her arms The fall of Troy:  The prophecies of Helenus – few things must be fulfilled before Troy to fall o Neoptolemus (son of Achilles must join the fight) o The Bow of Heracles (Sophocles’ Philoctetes) – had to be retrieved from Lemnos o The Palladium (Odysseus and Diomedes) – statue of Athena as a city protector, came from Heaven, inside of Troy. Diometes and Odysseus disguised as beggar, steals it o The Trojan Horse:
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