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Lecture 29 Notes.docx

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CLAS 203
Margaret Palczynski

CLAS203 Lecture 29 Notes The Oath of Tyndareus:  There were many suitors for the Helen’s hand (semi-divine daughter of Tyndareus): Odysseus, Diomedes, Ajax, Philoctetes, Patroclus, Menelaus…  Tyndareus was scared of giving Helen to any one suitor in fear that the other suitors would go against him afterwards  Odysseus, who came from a poor region, knew that he wouldn’t have a chance, but proposes to Tyndareus a solution about Helen in exchange for marriage to one of his niece, Penelope. Odysseus proposes a stratagem of oath (oath of Tyndareus), in which the suitor of Helen would have the support of Tyndareus and that all the other suitors must swear to protect what is that of Tyndareus (including Helen) and to protect whoever tries to defy and/or hurt Helen  Menelaus + Helen (chooses Menelaus)  has a daughter named  Clytemnestra (sister of Helen) marries Agamemnon  has three children named: Iphigeneia, Electra, Orestes.  Agamemnon returns to (Homer’s Iliad says he comes from) Mycenae (Argos)  The Judgment of Paris o Wedding of Peleus and Thetis (Achilles). Peleus’ father is King of Aegina (Aeacus), island off the coast of Athens in Saronic Gulf. Peleus and his brother Telemon killed their half-brother, Phocus, and were exiled. Peleus went to Phthia to be purified. Peleus married the sea-nymph, Thetis, which makes Hera happy knowing that Zeus did not have sex with Thetis. Hera organizes large wedding but forgets to invite Eris (strife) o Eris and the Golden Apple: was not invited to Peleus and Thetis’ wedding; comes anyways and brings a Golden Apple and rolls it on the ground and yells, “To the fairest goddess”. Zeus tells Hermes and escorts the three goddesses to Paris, a farmer. Hera offers Paris dominion over the whole world. Athena offers him the most glorious military career. Aphrodite offers him the most beautiful women in the world. Paris chooses Aphrodite as the fairest goddesses in the world; creates tension amongst goddesses. Paris cannot claim Helen since she is already married o The judgment of Paris  The start of the Trojan War: o The abduction of Helen by Paris/Alexander (son of Priam and Hecuba) o Paris was prophesized to be Troy’s destruction – Hecuba’s dream, leaves Paris on Mt. Ida, shepherds came by and raised Paris, Paris goes into Troy and compete in competitions and wins, is recognized by people as son of Priam and Hecuba. Cassandra, sister of Paris, prophesizes that Paris will be the destruction of Troy. Paris, as prince of Troy, sails to Mycenaean to claim Helen. Menelaus offers his home to Pairs (Xenia: guest-host relationship) but leaves due to attending funeral. Paris using the opportunity abducts Helen back to Troy, sets out the ‘Oath of Tyndareus’. o The mustering of the Greek host at Aulis to set sail to troy, waiting for favouring wind. o The angering of Artemis and the sacrifice: Agamemnon boasted that he was the best hunter and thus provoked Artemis who calmed the wind. Only way to get the wind is to sacrifice, Iphigeneia, daughte
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