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Lecture

Lecture 33 Notes.docx

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Department
Classics
Course
CLAS 203
Professor
Margaret Palczynski
Semester
Fall

Description
CLAS203 Lecture 33 Notes  The Nosoi (Returns) o Agamemnon: death and betrayal o Menelaus: travels to Egypt after burying his companion  Stuck on island of Pharos low on provision, Nymph who is the daughter of Proteus (old man of the sea) takes pity on Menelaus and tells him: Proteus at noon everyday emerges from the sea and comes to sleep amidst a flock of seals and he counts them and he lies around them and sleeps. Menelaus must seize him and demand of him what to do. Menelaus ambushes Proteus and gets told that he must go on top of Mt. Egypt and make a sacrifice to Zeus  Return to Sparta (Odyssey) o Nestor: easy return to Pylos (Odyssey) o Diomedes: betrayal by wife and flight to Italy, credited for founding a few Italian colonies o Ajax, son of Oileus: shipwreck caused by Poseidon, saved by rock, commits hybris again by saying that even Poseidon couldn’t kill him, death by Poseidon striking the rock with his trident  The Odyssey compared to the Iliad: o In Greek means simply “the story of Odysseus” o Composed later than the Iliad  Carefully avoids overlap in narration o Telemacheia considered a later addition  Combines two strands of stories: adventures at sea with a nostos (returning home)  Not narrated chronologically o World at peace (Odyssey) versus world at war (Iliad) o Greater geographical scope (Iliad is only zoomed in at Troy; Odyssey is presented with a big area) o Less heroic?  Fabulous and incredible elements  Realistic descriptions of life: eating, farm and palace life  Odysseus: nostos – 10 years’ duration  Chronology of the ‘nostos Plot of the Odyssey End of the Trojan War The Telemachy (Ithaca) Storm at sea Odysseus on Ogygia The wanderings (3 years) The release and the storm Calypso’s island (7 yars) Scheria Poseidon’s storm Telling of the wanderings Scheria Ithaca Ithaca  Odysseus: o Epithets:  Cunning and wit: man of twists and turns, wise, mastermind of war, the great teller of tales, the great tactician  Heroic: sacker of cities, Raider of Cities, man of action, that kingly man, man o
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