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Lecture 37 Notes.docx

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CLAS 203
Margaret Palczynski

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CLAS203 Lecture 37 Notes Roman Myth  Different religious and social patterns  Different economic and political structures  Very little original divine myth  Much legend (historicized by the Romans)  Political and social propaganda  Used for the maintaining of Roman power and social structures  Romans: Latin  Latini (ancestors of Romans/Latins): 1500-1200 BC o Occupied site of Rome o Latinum – native deities  Many other Italian dialects  Etruscans  Numina (numen): personifications of various qualities/element o Limited in function  Were not anthropomorphic at the beginning, would personify with items or objects Refocusing  Inherited Indo-European god: Jupiter (counterpart to Zeus) o Juno is Queen (Hera)  Same name, same function: Apollo, Hercules  Local gods identified with Greek gods through similarity of function: Venus, Saturn  Gods with heightened/lessened function: Neptune (Poseidon, played small part – seafaring was of little concern to Romans), Mars (Ares, played great part in Romans since they were a warring nation), Venus (Aphrodite, important to both cultures, a heightened role as she is the mother of Aeneas, founder of Rome)  Original god with no similarities to Greek gods: Janus (god of a threshold, depicted with two heads. Numen of doorways – looking in and looking out. Precursor to January. o *Ian- o Latium (‘hidden’) Rome:  Aeneas in Latium: 1175 BC  Ascanius-Iulus: founds of Alba Longa, 1150 BC  Alban kings 1100 – 753 BC  Romulus and Remus found Rome, 753 BC o Romulus ended up killing Remus to become first king  Etruscan kings: 753 – 509 BC  The Republic: 510 BC  Julius Caesar: assassinated 44 BC  The Triumvirates, Marc Antony defeated by Octavian, who later became Augustus - Emperor  The Battle of Actium  The Emperor: 27 BC The Aeneid:  The search for a glorious heritage  The existing myth o Poseidon’s speech o Aeneas in Italy: tradition  Virgil (Vergil): 70 – 19 BC  The Aeneid: o Written epic, hexameter o Modeled on Homer o 12 books  1-6: Odyss
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