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Lecture 5

EAST 211 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Bodhiruci, Kuiji, Chinese Philosophy

Asian Language & Literature
Course Code
EAST 211
Rebecca Doran

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Translating Buddhist Text
Important translators in this period:
Kumārajīva (344-413)
Bodhiruci (?-535)
Paramārtha (499-569)
Methods for translation
Translating Buddhist Text
Geyi: elucidating Buddhist terms, with the help of notions extracted from
traditional Chinese philosophy, especially Daoism
śūnyatā as 1) nothingness 2) empty 3) emptiness
Eventually Kuiji (632-682)
Empty - śūnya (negative svabhāva)
Emptiness - śūnyatā (the nature of being empty of svabhāva; affirming
how things actually are)
Sutra classification (panjiao)
Resolve the issue - some Buddhist texts are contradictory to one another
Buddhism and Politics
Emperors and members of gentry families became patrons of and donors
to Buddhism
Emperor Wu of Liang
Buddhism Monasticism
In India : leave home, little property
In China :
land owners, farming
monastic rules (shaved head, no facial hair
temples provided education for people from the lower class
vegetarianism → meat-eating creates negative karma and thus hinders
own’s awakening
Initiated by emperor Wu of Liang
Dharma Assemblies initiated by Wu of Liang to help sentient beings attain
awakening and ignorant people to convert to Buddhism
Buddhist Ritual with Daoist Elements
Purpose: help all sentient beings attain awakening
A series of rituals: chanting, repentance, setting up shrines, serving vegetarian
meals, etc
Buddhism and Art
Change of the image of Guanyin → became more feminine
people believed in Guanyin’s ability to grant children
Medicine Buddha Triads
Medicine Buddha : has a curly hair and a top knot, holds a medicine box in
one hand
Two Bodhisattvas : Moonlight Bodhisattva and Sunlight Bodhisattva
Śākyamuni triads in the Lotus Sútra
Śākyamuni Buddha
Samantabhadra Bodhisattva
Manjusri Bodhisattva (wenshu pusa)
12: Translation, Monasticism, and Art
Monday, February 19, 2018
8:34 AM
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