EDEE 280 Lecture Notes - Scientific Method, Girondins, Tennis Court Oath

44 views3 pages
Class 11: Enlightenment and Revolution: Revolutionary Ideas in American and
France
Leading to the Revolution
one key moment: the Enlightenment
o all started with this
o emphasis on science, nature & reason, seeking to understand the universe and to
reconstruct the social order
o through applying scientific method and reason, humans could discover natural laws and
use them to reform society
o advances in science lead to political & social changes
o Enlightenment ideals started in England with John Locke but moved to France which
became the head of the movement
o apply laws of science to society progress could be achieved if they could apply
reasons to problems of society
two central thinkers
o John Locke (1632-1704) Two Treatises of Government (1690)
all knowledge from senses & impressions
uses logical scientific method to establish a political theory
citizens got to defend inalienable rights to life, liberty & property
introduced system of checks and balances
thought humans endowed with natural rights that were protected through the
government through:
representative government
principles of election for short mandates
major/minor _____
judicial, legislative & executive branches of government
o Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) The Social Contract (1762)
humans born innocent & corrupted by society
knowledge is good/worthy only if person using it is well intentioned
best way to restrict this is the General Will (everyone in society gets together
and says what is best/good for them as a society
The American Revolution (1773/75-1783)
causes
o Americans conscious of political rights
o questioned British government wanted to move West
o British search for new revenues created taxes for Americans large debt from 7 years
war
impact
o first state of the Enlightenment
Unlock document

This preview shows page 1 of the document.
Unlock all 3 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Document Summary

Class 11: enlightenment and revolution: revolutionary ideas in american and. John locke (1632-1704) two treatises of government (1690) Major/minor _____ judicial, legislative & executive branches of government. Jean-jacques rousseau (1712-1778) the social contract (1762) Humans born innocent & corrupted by society. Knowledge is good/worthy only if person using it is well intentioned. Best way to restrict this is the general will (everyone in society gets together and says what is best/good for them as a society. Key features: no taxation without representation, the declaration of independence (july 4th, 1776) the boston tea party (december 16th, 1773) All men created equal & endowed with certain rights. Government instituted by men to create these rights. Government only legitimate as long as they protect rights. Government can be destroyed if government becomes destructive: thomas jefferson (1743-1826) Wrote the declaration of independence: george washington (1732-1799)

Get access

Grade+
$10 USD/m
Billed $120 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
40 Verified Answers
Study Guides
Booster Classes
Class+
$8 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
30 Verified Answers
Study Guides
Booster Classes