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EDEE 280 Lecture Notes - Maple Syrup, Tadoussac, Paul De Chomedey, Sieur De Maisonneuve

Elementary Education
Course Code
EDEE 280
Paul Zanazanian

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Class 8: New France: The Early Years
Main Economic Activities in New France
the fishing trade: cod
o Europeans came off coast of NFLD & started setting up bases came into contact with
o green fishery on a boat, made 2 trips/year
o dry fishery brought everything back to shore
the fur trade: beaver
o sign of status & wealth
o depleted in Europe so came to NA for them
o main centres
Tadoussac one of the 1st trading posts for French; connected French to
Canadian interior
Quebec City
o impact on FN disrupted lifestyles, brought disease; Algonquians lost self-sufficiency,
were the 1st middle man & had beef with Iroquois (France sided with A, English with I)
o material & cultural exchanges with the French
French learned blueberries, maple syrup, moccasins, show shoes & birch canoes
Life Features in Early New France
The Company of One Hundred Associates (1627)
The Company of Inhabitants (1645)
o let Company of One Hundred Associates taken New France but wanted control of fur
missionary zeal = Roman Catholic Missionaries
o the “Black Robe” Jesuits
offered school to FN
went into interior & learned lives of FN in order to convert them to Christianity
Key Figures
Samuel de Champlain (1574-1635)
o considered the “Father of New France” 1608 founded Quebec
o helped establish first permanent French settlement in Americas
Coureurs de bois
o example of Etienne Brule (1592-1643) who lived among & learned from Huron
Paul de Chomedey de Maisonneuve (1612-1676)
o accredited with founding of Montreal (initially conceived of as model Christian
community for converting Algonquian)
o hoped FN would come and join
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