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Lecture

Class 16


Department
Elementary Education
Course Code
EDEE 280
Professor
Paul Zanazanian

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EDEE 280 History, Geography and Citizenship Education 3/12/2013 1:09:00 PM
1
Industrialization: Origins, Social Consequences & Socialism
- applying historical thinking
change & continuity technology; means of production; migration from
rural to urban areas; family working in different places instead of together
on the farm; males vs. females working; specialization of work
evidence primary vs. secondary sources; look at validity, interpretation
& credibility; look at newspaper reports, hospital records; archives;
churches;
- the onset of industrialization
there were many diseases from the new world that came which lead to
high rate of infant mortality
there was also war and high taxes
temperature has an affect there was a gradual warming which affected
agricultural communities which was heavily relied upon for life survival
o harvest improves
o leads to higher rate of nutrition
o birth rate increases
changes in the 18th century from a poor quality of life to gradual
improvements
growth of the bourgeoisie and advances in technology
o new tools to discover the world
o new technology for agriculture
o new technology that lead to manufacturing
starts off in Great Britain and eventually spreads (1770-1850)
o there is a lot of coal in England, which was used when wood ran out
o had direct contact with colonies so lots of resources to tap into
o leads to a surplus which fuels economy & manufacturing
o also believed in private ownership of property
o improved techniques of transportation steam engine, trains,
steam boats,
o iron replaced by steel
transformation from an agrarian to an industrial economy
o increased productivity = cheaper products = increased demand
dehumanizing trends of the early factory system
o long work days
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