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Lecture

EDEE 280 Lecture Notes - Jean Talon, Seigneurial System Of New France, Sovereign Council Of New France


Department
Elementary Education
Course Code
EDEE 280
Professor
Paul Zanazanian

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Class 9: New France: Life and Traditions in the Colony
Jean Talon and the Filles du roy
set out to increase immigration & population
shipped over filles du roy (770 young orphans) to match with men and have babies
within 3 months all were married
wanted to raise demographics
gave out $ for families with lots of children (10+), men married by 20, women married by 16 &
the 26th child would receive a free education
New France as a Royal Colony
expression of absolutism in New France
o mercantilism colony needs to serve needs of mother country
provided France with new & raw materials
o triangular trade
colonial administration
o the governor military person who controlled military forces
represented the king
responsible for affairs & dealt with FN
gave out trade licenses
promoted glory of France
o the intendant an administrator of finances, economic development, justice & civil
_____
had to pay for troops
managed trade
cared about the colony
o rivalry between the governor & the intendant New France vs. France
o the sovereign council supreme court
consisted of governor, intendant, bishop & counsellors
number of counsellors grew as the population did
3 functions:
court of appeals
issued decrees for governance
issue royal edicts
the seigneurial system
o typical land holding system from France to Quebec
o aims
provide colony with basic land survey system
establish a framework between privileged & land peasants
develop system for recruiting & settling immigrants
o the seigneur
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