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Lecture 4

RELG 253 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Filial Piety


Department
Religious Studies
Course Code
RELG 253
Professor
Victor S?gen Hori
Lecture
4

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Ancestor Ritual, Rites, and Music
First Ancestor and Families
Each family has an ancestor that gives the members their identity
Each ancestor has a virtue that is passed on
The first responsibility is to have a son that will carry on the family name and its heritage
Five relationships
Parent-child
More like father-son
Husband-wife
Older brother-younger brother/sister
Master-servant
Like a father-son relationship
Friend-friend
Like older/younger brother relationship
In each relationship, one is superior and thus responsible for the inferior person
e.g. If younger brother gets in a fight, older brother takes the blame
Marriages
Family alliances
Personal feelings were irrelevant
Responsibility to have male children
Concubines
If you're rich
Much younger than the male
Compete with the wife to have sons and make them the heir
The duty of children
Respect to parents
Like respecting Heaven
aka filial piety
Kids must care for their parents, cook for them, etc
The children have no life of their own but serving their parents
Three ways
Life: care for them
Death: mourn them
After mourning: sacrifice to them
Supposed to care for your own body
First gift from your parents
No tattoos, no scars, no alternations
Funerals and mourning
The oldest son is supposed to mourn for three years
Because the first three years of his life, a kid cannot care for his parents
Some people were trained to be mourners
Ancestor Memorial Service
Take 24hrs to prepare the coming of a spirit
The host would put up a banquet for the guest (spirit)
The host would also prepare a room for the spirit and bring objects that belonged to the
person
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