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Lecture 9

RELG 253 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Imperial House Of Japan, Taihō Code, Meritocracy


Department
Religious Studies
Course Code
RELG 253
Professor
Victor S?gen Hori
Lecture
9

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Japan History
Introduction
Sign for sun + sign for origin = nihon/nippon/japan
Country of the rising sun
Japanese people are no homogenous per se
Patterns of immigration from Siberia, China, South Korea, etc
Black current
Kuroshio current
From southern Pacific Ocean up to Japan, then going to BC
Land area
Slightly small than California
Demography
Total population is decreasing
Life expectancy from 78-85 years
Prehistory
Jomon period
11,000-300 BCE
Means "cord mark"
Pottery
Looks like a rope was used to make marks on the pottery
Hunting-gathering-fishing
No agriculture
Living-off the land
Thus, living near the ocean or a fresh river
Statues
Totems or goddesses?
People were organized in tribes
Hypothesis that each worshipped its god/totem
Fertility rituals
Some evidence
Yayoi period
300 BC +
Pottery
Narrower neck
What is now considered japanese culture
Start of "Japanese" culture
Rice cultivation
Beginning of social organization
In order to have wet rice cultivations, everyone has to share the source of
water and cooperate to make it work
Hunter-gatherer-fisher + agriculture
Religious life
Female shamans
Legend of Himiko/Pimiko
Settles conflicts between tribes
Her main function is to communicate with the gods
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