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RELG 253 Lecture Notes - Self-Control, Veneration Of The Dead, Yangban

Religious Studies
Course Code
RELG 253
Victor S?gen Hori

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Shamanism in Korea
Tunguz = saman
Siberian language
Mudang in Korean
Possession --> no longer there himself, the god with whom he's communicating
invades his body and speaks from the shaman's mouth
Flight --> looks like he drops unconscious and during that time the spirit of the
shaman is gone and has gone into a journey to visit different souls
Most shamans are women in Korea, and thus the daughter of a shaman becomes
shaman herself
Usually a woman who has been weak/sick her whole life, then she's cured by a
mudang and decides to become one herself
Features of Shamanism
The other world resembles this world
Dressing in yangban robes, holding a trident or a sword
The other world is supposed to be a bureaucratized environment, therefore she has
to represent that environment in this world
Spirits world contains Korean folk God, Buddhas and bodhisattvas, Chinese Taoist
gods, Christian figures, etc
Seven stars of the Big DIpper as Buddhas
Spirit of diseases
Sun and Mood god
When she goes through a ritual, the shaman pulls out a screen with a pantheon on it
Representation of the gods/spirits she can communicate with
The ability to walk on sword edge
Shamanism and Confucian Ancestor Worship
Not a lot of differences between the two, but Confucianism still tried hard to ridiculed
Kendall's dual organization (Confucian vs shamanism)
Man vs woman
Self control vs chaotic trance (out of control)
Elite vs commoners
Chinese vs indigenous
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