RELG 271 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Female Reproductive System, Janice Stein, Jewish Feminism

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-Chastity: Paul’s sexual ethic
-1 Thessalonians
-Four core principles:
-Abstain from sexual immortality (porneia)
-Get married if it is necessary to that task -better to remain single
-Honour marriage by taking advantage of no one
-God judges sexual immorality
-Space to see otherness in Judaism, Christianity and Islam
-Religion and women’s human rights
-Gender equality and religious freedom: 1948 declaration
—> Speaking to the internal thought - can’t be told what to think or how to find meaning in life or
what you think a good like looks like (important to have this type of freedom)
—> State would have power over telling people what to think. The state infringes on our beliefs.
-Traditions can run into problems with public life
-UN CEDAW (1979): highlights and articulates the special rights provisions and protections that
women require (in part because of oppression)
-Jewish feminist concerns
-Ayelet Shachar “paradox of multicultural vulnerability”
-The liberal dilemma - Matha Nussbaum, sex and social justice
-Test of multiculturalism - Janice Stein
-Equality, religion and the state
-Us religious freedom restoration act (1993) - state can impose substantial burden on religion
only when it can show compelling interests
-Nussbaum - equality “rights” represent compelling state interests
-State commitment to equal justice is not to be abandoned
-Concerned about the violence that can happen between families
-Justice can be denied to certain people based on how the state views their family
-Areas of rights concerns:
1) life and health issues, 2) right to body integrity, 3) employment rights, 4) mobility and
assembly rights..
-Nussbaum’s recommendations:
-Religious freedom should not be allowed to trump sex equality
-No delegation of family law to religious courts if it entails gender inequality or religious
discrimination
—> Delegation if gender equality concerns can be met
—> Application of equality norms to religious laws
-Religious actors should be accountable to state laws
-Constraints on religious speech
-Encouragement of liberal elements in religions
-The family for Nussbaum is what the state says it is
-Veiling and Islam
-Banning the Niqab
2010 - QNA bill 94 proposed (CEGEP case)
2011- France bans face covering veils and masks
2012 - R.V. NS (sexual assault)
-Different forms of veiling: burkina ban (France)
-Why ban the niqab?
-Symbol of non-integration, symbol of womens oppression, front of secularism, tool for
intimidation or proselytism, impolite, limits communication, security threat to others/safety
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Document Summary

Get married if it is necessary to that task -better to remain single. Honour marriage by taking advantage of no one. Space to see otherness in judaism, christianity and islam. > speaking to the internal thought - can"t be told what to think or how to nd meaning in life or what you think a good like looks like (important to have this type of freedom) > state would have power over telling people what to think. Traditions can run into problems with public life. Un cedaw (1979): highlights and articulates the special rights provisions and protections that women require (in part because of oppression) The liberal dilemma - matha nussbaum, sex and social justice. Us religious freedom restoration act (1993) - state can impose substantial burden on religion only when it can show compelling interests. Nussbaum - equality rights represent compelling state interests. State commitment to equal justice is not to be abandoned.

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