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EDEE 280 (32)

Class 12

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Elementary Education
EDEE 280
Paul Zanazanian

EDEE 280 – Geography, History and Citizenship Education – Paul Zanazanian Winter 2013 Class 12: Enlightenment & Revolution II: Emergence of Ideologies & a Nation-State Historical Context  Napoleon’s downfall o suffered setbacks in 1812  exiled to Elba but escaped o the Battle of Waterloo (June 18 1815)  the Congress of Vienna (1814-1815) o group of European leaders who wanted to know what went wrong o Austria didn’t want to lose territory o Prince Klemens von Metternich (1773-1859) wanted:  to restore monarchy  to suppress Enlightenment  scared of nationalism  scare of fragmentation o lead to the rise of conservative ideology in Europe Ideology  general concept of the actual or ideal nature of society that gives meaning and direction to the lives of large groups of people  aims to improve society  main characteristics o theory of history  evolution of society o linked to social class  old Aristocracy  attached to agricultural interest  place in life is predetermined  peasants scared so included  middle class  made money & invested  included bourgeoisie  challenged status quo & got power for own economic position  own system of military work & own leaders  against traditions & religion  working class  migrants who came looking for work  not following traditional values  followed radicals Conservatism  social change should only result from gradual historical processes  if not, risks destroying society & bringing forth an age of savagery
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