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EDEE 280 (32)

Class 7

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Elementary Education
EDEE 280
Paul Zanazanian

Class 7: Contact with First Nations: Early Colonial Life in North America Hunting Viewpoints  European view o did it for fashion o killed as many animals as possible o thought hunting was for the rich & Native weren’t using the land properly  Native view o religious act o done for survival o migrated with animals o only killed when necessary Dona Marina  spoke Aztec & Mayan language  “Mother” of Mexico  had a child with Cortes  mistreated by Aztec people European Colonization of North America  main colonizing peoples o Spanish  takes over and creates a way to live peacefully o French colonized the west o English colonized the East (settled) o Dutch settled in NYC & Amsterdam  factors facilitating colonization o technology  weapons (swords, muskets, horses, sails) o diseases  smallpox o internal divisions among indigenous peoples  divide & conquer  intra = within tribe  inter = tribe vs. tribe  differences in colonization o governance  Spanish viceroys answered to king o relations with indigenous populations  odiensa  lawyers to keep an eye on things  conquistadores  built cities & churches  some definition characteristics o emergence of Mestizo societies o settler societies o cultivation of cash crops (sugar, tobacco) o religion/missionaries  wanted to convert Natives to Jesuits  2 devastating consequences o the annihilation of the Taino  worked in fields & mines  couldn’t resist against Spanish especially with diseases o slavery  West Africa to Caribbean (free labour)  brought millions when Bra
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