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Elementary Education
EDEE 280
Paul Zanazanian

EDEE 280 – Geography, History and Citizenship Education – Paul Zanazanian Winter 2013 March 14 , 2013: Canada’s Period of Industrialization: Politics and Society  applying historical thinking o cause & consequence  started in UK; applied steam to machines and then machines to production in the areas of agriculture, manufacturing & transport  there is a general process where people create inventions & make it cheaper so work in factories but there are consequences; o bourg becomes stronger & exploited working class who created unions o there were altered relations between men, women and children  a new class structure was created  not hereditary, it was based on access to money based on work  altered relations between humans and the environment big changes o world of work  went from agriculture to factories o family patterns o increasing urbanization  industrialization in Canada o represents Canada’s transition from a traditional to a modern society o 2 distinctive features:  British North American colonies already felt the effects of industrialization before its onset in the country  British policy changing  industrialization coincided with the growth of transportation & communications in Canada o Macdonald’s National Policy (1870s)  series of measures & acts  there were 3 policies that emerged  to protect Canadian economy & make it stronger as a united nation  introduced tariffs which stimulated buying of local products  big investments into transportation (railway)  sponsored immigration  many from British Isles  industrialization in Quebec o two main phases:  expansions of consumer goods industries (1840s-1890s)  items produced by individuals (not manufacturers)  textiles (cotton & wool); leather products (shoes, boots, saddles for horses); food products (corn, dairy products such as cheese, milk, butter, flour, sugar); wood products (boards, furniture, window frames, barrels, handles, doors)  growth fuelled by capital goods industries (1890s-1920s)  industries that manufacture the means of production  used in the productions of other goods and commodities
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