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ENGL 316 (31)
Lecture

Milton 6

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Department
English (Arts)
Course
ENGL 316
Professor
Maggie Kilgour
Semester
Fall

Description
Sept 17 - companion poems: always printed together, always read together - how to describe this relationship - both poems "L'Allegro" and "Il Penseroso" - pastoral aspects of it - work is depicted as play in l'Allegro (lines 65, 90) - time at night is spent drinking: the focus is not on serious things, but pleasure and having fun. they tell tales - "l'Allegro" - line 105 =~ Rumpelstiltskin - this goblin does the work as long as they have their bowl of cream - after they tell stories, they imagine going to cities - talks about Shakespeare (Romeo and Juliet, Mercutio talking to Romeo) - when they invoke Mab in l’Allegro, they talk about Mercutio's celebration of the imagination - birds warble (Shakespeare warbles naturally) - infantilizing Shakespeare - he's being invoked as both impressive and diminishing - Shakespeare is an original genius inspired by nature. Milton is always present in his work and has to work very hard for it - echoes of Shakespeare, mostly from MSND - "reductium shakespearum" - clear that Milton hasn't forgotten that Shakespeare does do serious work, but he wants to emphasize the frivolity - mystic vision, building enchantment (poet asks to be wrapped in music) - most of this is couplet structure, pausing after each pair of lines, but this part (~140) is less structured - Orpheus invoked again: this is after his death, while he's in the Elysian fields, after he's already failed - the goal of this poetry is to bring back Orpheus, and to achieve then what he could not, bringing back the dead - with the ending of this poem, we must go on immediately to Il Penseroso - in L'Allegro, we are carefree, innocent readers who are simply reading a poem - this poem is no longer carefree, but is thinking - since Il Penseroso comes second, we can't help but compare it to the first - he uses our experience in reading to make us think certain things - maturation of the reader: we start out carefree, allegro, then we get older and mature and see that there are more serious things to read out there - the person in Il Penseroso is much darker - if allegro begins in the morning, Penseroso begins at night - they stay up beyond the normal cycle - l’Allegro is extroverted, and wants to be open. Il Penseroso goes inside - Il Penseroso p
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