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ENGL 330 (6)
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ENGL 330 – Reading of George Eliot's Silas Marner.docx

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Department
English (Arts)
Course
ENGL 330
Professor
Marc M.Ducusin
Semester
Fall

Description
ENGL 330 – English Novel 19 Century September 15th 2011 Silas Marner – Volume 1  Chapter 8. P.262  The villagers gossiping  The myth of the peddler who gathers momentum  Gossip about his gold  Chapter 10  Even someone who should know the truth, is willing to disregard  To preserve the family’s good name Power of Public Perception of Rumor  Publics perception of George Eliot  Mary-Anne Evans  Male pseudo-name is adopted by the Bronte sisters  Evans’ novels continue to be printed under this name “George Eliot”, regardless of killing it herself  Also engraved on her tombstone, above her legal name (Mary-Anne Cross)  A mutually agreed upon fiction  Evan’s made for specific reasons Rosemary Bothymer - A Woman of Many Names  Pretty insightful appraisal of Evan’s years  Evan’s family was expectable  Conservative, rural society  First 30 years provided her for material for several of her novels, but also the class society that is depicted in various novels  Victorian obsession of social aspiration and social repression  Story centers on the fruit of characters; centers on the norms of belief and clarity  Social trajectory landed her in a novelist tradition that was never labeled by class  George Eliot was stretching the norms of female social expected behavior  Unconventional circumstances Gender and Secrecy  Evan’s early anonymous essays were assumed to be written by a man; aligned herself with a male perspective  Secrecy theme; adopting a pseudo-name  Evans was reacting against a perception of women’s novels as frivolous  Wanted to be on equal footing  Husband was a writer as well;  Sub-Genre of intellectual journalism (?)  George Lewis’s situation was much more amicable and a lot more complicated (first wife)  Different ideas of love and marriage  Agnes (his first life) was having an affaire with a close friend of Lewis’, had a child, and then Lewis adopted the child as his own  A kind gesture, bespeaks his modern attitudes towards relationships however had an inconvenient side effect on him  Because he claimed his wife’s child, he publicly condoned the act of adultery  Foreclosed the right to divorce because of the act of adultery Lewis and Evans as being more binding than most legal marriages  Scandal prompted to manage their persona and professional lives to allow Maryanne to develop a voice in print, but also redeem her status as a Fallen Woman  Sexual double standards  Didn’t cause a social death for Lewis as it did for Evans Gender and Genre - Article  Claims that the literary persona of George Eliot to reopen the doors to social acceptance for Evans  Revealed the identities as Evans after but retained her status as Eliot afterword’s Adoption of Pseudo-name with Secrecy themes, as well as the theme of genders  Female authors adopting male sir names  Literary drag  Relevant to the secret identities in the novels we’re reading in this class Literary Background of this text - Realism  Silas Marner; representation of mid-Victorian realism  Acknowledging residences in this text as fairy-tale tropes and forms  Imagery and structure of the novel follow these residences;  Structure of Silas Marner losing his gold, but getting it back in a golden haired daughter  Rustic Realism vs. Moral Realism  Rustic Realism - Novelist becomes a sympathetic realist  Rural realist becomes an anthropologist  Realist authors implicated in very Victorian imperative  Rationalizing certain classes of people  Cataloguing of rural superstitions  Moral Realism; ethical imperatives as the author as well as moral lessons enacted by the characters in the text  - Realism has to do with truthful-ism with the context of the text  Artist can represent real things in a false and untrue manner, but can also talk about untruthful things in a truthful manner  Compels mans attention and sympathy Gender Theory and Queer Theory  Homosocial Rivalry  The Book of Samuel (David and Jonathan)  David and Goliath  King was angry with David, viewed him as a rival for Jonathan  After Jonathan’s death, David becomes king and shares his love as surpassing his love for women  Captured 19th century imagination  In Oscar Wilde worlds; convicted for homosexual intentions Irony in the relation between Silas and the David and Jonathan comparison  Drawing this from a book Between Men and ... - 1985  Male relationship balancing on the line of homo-erotic narrative  Borrowed by the social sciences  Social relationships not based on the differences of sex  Mostly related to male relationships  Homosocial designates non-sexual relationships between persons of the same sex  Refer to man-on-man relationships (male/male relationships and female/female bonds)  English literature stories in Cedric’s terms only comes to describe male relationships/bonds  Even though the original term describes non-sexual relationships, she suggests that you cant separate those two completely  Her theory suggests that the bond between the men is more intense and stronger than either male has with the woman  The heterosexual relationship between the main male and the main female is usually conventional marriage plot  Suggests that how much more intense the male/male tribunal is  Exposes the ideological problems in that continuum  Any relationships between the homosocial and the homoerotic are problematic  Homosocial side of the spectrum we can have strictly patriotically/conservative relationships, and on the other end you can have a completely homosexual relationship. This theory puts both those relationships in the same spectrum Relationship/Male Rivalry Dynamics  William Dane and Silas Marner  Marner oblivious to Dane’s intentions  Godfrey and William’s relationship with Silas  Lean on contradiction  Active vs. Passive motives  William seems to be the more assertive figure  William also seems to be condescending; After Silas is put on trial  Power differences between the two; a relationship similar to father/son  Silas is more feminized of the two Silas Marner suffers these narcoleptic fits that structure the plot  Consider the discourse that follows narcolepsy  More interested in the fictional construction of this illness and the narrative functions it performs September 20 2011 Disparity between realism and the supernatural fairytale elements  Something that complicates the perceived realism of the text  Representative text of Victorian realism  George Eliot representative as a Victorian realist  Elements of realism in Silas Marner, as representative examples  Learning of boundaries and imperatives (?) Novel Form of Fiction – Article  On the supernatural  Argues that normally critics and readers w
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